California is entering its fourth year of drought, with high temperatures, water shortages and increased wildfires. The state has taken some steps to address the impacts of that, including addressing greenhouse gas emissions and rationing its diminishing water supply. But there are signs that the impacts of drought on the state could get even worse.
1. A new study shows that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise at current rates, some parts of Los Angeles area could be experiencing temperatures over 95 degrees for periods as long as two to three months by the end of the century, up from about 12 days now. Researchers at UCLA’s Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences found that downtown Los Angeles could see many many as 54 such days, up from an average of four, while desert areas could see many more. And in the surrounding mountainous areas, days with temperatures below freezing could be cut in half.
2. Fewer freezing days in mountainous areas will certainly impact the snow pack which is currently at record lows. Its April assessment set a record for the lowest level in the state’s history, triggering Gov. Jerry Brown’s order that residents and governments cut water use by 25 percent. Shuttered ski resorts are the least of the resulting problems. The runoff from the snow pack melting in the spring replenishes the state’s rivers, streams and reservoirs—but not so much anymore. In an L.A. Times editorial, NASA scientist Jay Famiglietti warned that California reservoirs have only a year’s supply of water left in them. With the rate of replenishment dropping, that spells trouble.
3. Many Californians are up in arms that certain businesses are continuing to use water like the supply was unlimited. Bottled water companies in particular have drawn outrage from activists as they tap into city water supplies and private wells, while citizens are being told to cut back their water use. While their water use is only a drop in the bucket, so to speak, the optics are really bad, so bad that Starbucks’ Ethos Water brand has announced it will move west coast bottling operation out of the state to Pennsylvania. A group called the Crunch Nestle Alliance has mounted protests against the Nestle bottled water plant near Sacramento, which buys water from the Sacramento municipal system and ships spring water from northern California. Meanwhile, Crystal Geyser is opening a new plant in Mount Shasta that will draw water from an aquifer that feeds the Sacramento River, which provides drinking water for millions of people.
4. Another business that continues unabated in its water use is the fossil fuel extraction industry. California has traditionally been an oil-producing state, but in recent years, it’s stepped up its oil extraction through the water-intensive fracking process. Again, while the amount is small compared to uses such as agriculture, which consumes 80 percent of the state’s available water supply, fracking itself is regarded negatively by much of the public. And it doesn’t help that there have been signs that fracking fluid—wastewater containing toxic chemicals used in the fracking process—could be leaching into aquifers and contaminating already scarce drinking water supplies.
5. Companies are looking for extreme solutions to a potentially extreme problem. There are more than a dozen projects under consideration to build desalination plants along the California coast to turn ocean water into usable water for drinking and agricultural purposes. Some have dismissed the idea as expensive and unfeasible on a large scale, while others claim the costs are falling rapidly enough to make the idea viable. The technology is already in use in the Middle East and Australia. A plant is currently under construction in Carlsbad, California that is expected to be up and running by sometime in 2016 to produce 50 million gallons of water a day and provide seven percent of the drinking water consumed by San Diego. It would be the largest such plant in the Western Hemisphere. The privately built plant would be paid for with rate increases on San Diego water customers; the cost to the county is double the price of its currently most expensive water source and it’s on the hook whether it needs the water or not.
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California is entering its fourth year of drought, with high temperatures, water shortages and increased wildfires. The state has taken some steps to address the impacts of that, including addressing greenhouse gas emissions and rationing its diminishing water supply. But there are signs that the impacts of drought on the state could get even worse.
Excerpt from usatoday.com
Star Wars jokes aside, Boeing actually just patented a force field that would use energy to deflect explosions. For real; it’s called, “method and system for shockwave attenuation via electromagnetic arc.”
According to the patent, which was granted earlier this month, the field would employ a sensor that detects the direction of shockwaves. Next, it deploys an “anti-shockwave” laser that creates a field between the explosion and the target, effectively shielding an object from explosive force by reflecting and absorbing it. This protective energetic layer could be used to insulate not just airplanes but also buildings, military vehicles, and ships.
Here’s a quick video providing greater detail of how the field works:
Excerpt from en.yibada.com
The Boeing Company has received a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office for a device that generates a “force field” which deflects blasts from shells and explosive weapons.
Technically, the patent is for a “method and system for shockwave attenuation via electromagnetic arc”. The device that will generate this force field only protects an American military vehicle from the deadly effects of the high pressure shockwave generated by a bomb blast. These shock waves can instantly kill persons by destroying their internal organs.
Most of the vehicles this device will be mounted on are expected to be armored and therefore hardened against the shrapnel and debris generated by an explosion.
The device is a sensor that triggers a laser which then heats up a section of air or water surrounding it. This action creates a “plasma shield” in between the explosion and the vehicle. The plasma shield’s temperature and density deflect and absorb the shockwaves from the explosion, said Popular Science.
An arc generator creates high-intensity laser pulses that excite and heat air molecules in the space between the vehicle and the blast site. It then introduces an electric arc that travels along the electrically conductive path produced by the laser.
That massive energy directed into empty space produces a bubble called a “Laser-Induced Plasma Channel” or LIPC. This plasma shield absorbs and deflects much of the incoming energy from the shock wave.
This system might also be able to slow and deflect shrapnel being propelled by the shock wave. The LIPC won’t be able to stop or deflect a shell aimed directly at the vehicle.
The device detects an explosion in water or air then estimates the time and location of the explosion. A signal from the sensor then fires the laser. The system will rely on a database of bomb explosion signatures so it knows just much energy to use to create the plasma shield.
The design is expected to protect everything from vehicles, armored fighting vehicles, ships, submarines, buildings and even humans.
Excerpt from robertlanza.com
In Star Wars, the bars are bustling with all types of alien creatures. And then, of course, there’s Yoda and Chewbacca. Recently, renowned scientist Stephen Hawking stated that he too believes aliens exist: “To my mathematical brain, the numbers alone make thinking about aliens perfectly rational.”
Hawking thinks we should be cautious about interacting with aliens — that they might raid Earth’s resources, take our ores, and then move on like pirates. “I imagine they might exist in massive ships, having used up all the resources from their home planet. Such advanced aliens would perhaps become nomads, looking to conquer and colonize whatever planets they can reach.”
But where are they all anyhow?
For years, NASA and others have been searching for extraterrestrial intelligence. The universe is 13.7 billion years old and contains some 10 billion trillion stars. Surely, in this lapse of suns, advanced life would have evolved if it were possible. Yet despite half a century of scanning the sky, astronomers have failed to find any evidence of life or to pick up any of the interstellar radio signals that our great antennas should be able to easily detect.
Some scientists point to the “Fermi Paradox,” noting that extraterrestrials should have had plenty of time to colonize the entire galaxy but that perhaps they’ve blown themselves up. It’s conceivable the problem is more fundamental and that the answer has to do with the evolutionary course of life itself.
Look at the plants in your backyard. What are they but a stem with roots and leaves bringing nutriments to the organism? After billions of years of evolution, it was inevitable life would acquire the ability to locomote, to hunt and see, to protect itself from competitors.
Observe the ants in the woodpile — they can engage in combat just as resolutely as humans. Our guns and ICBM are merely the mandibles of a cleverer ant. The effort for self-preservation is vague and varied. But when we’ve overcome our struggles, what do we do next? Build taller and more splendid houses?
What happens after life completes its transition to perfection? Perhaps across space, more advanced intelligences have taken the next evolutionary step. Perhaps they’ve evolved beyond the three dimensions we vertebrates know. A new theory — Biocentrism — tells us that space and time aren’t physical matrices, but simply tools our mind uses to put everything together. These algorithms are the key to consciousness, and why space and time — indeed the properties of matter itself — are relative to the observer. More advanced civilizations would surely understand these algorithms well enough to create realities that we can’t even imagine, and to have expanded beyond our corporeal cage.
Like breathing, we take for granted how our mind puts everything together. I can recall a dream I had of a flying saucer landing in Times Square. It was so real it took awhile to convince myself that it was a dream (that I was actually at home in bed). I was standing in a crowd surrounded by skyscrapers when a massive spaceship appeared overhead. Everyone started running. My mind had somehow generated this spatio-temporal experience out of electrochemical information. I could feel the vibrations under my feet as the ship started to land, merging this 3D world with my inner thoughts and sensations.
Although I was in bed with my eyes closed, I was able to run and move my arms and fingers. My mind had created a fully functioning body and placed it in a virtual world (replete with clouds in the sky and the Sun) that was indistinguishable from the one I’m in right now. Life as we know it is defined by this spatial-temporal logic, which traps us in the universe of up and down. But like my dream, quantum theory confirms that the properties of particles in the “real” world are also observer-determined.
Other information systems surely exist that correspond to other physical realities, universes based on logic completely different from ours and not based on space and time as we know it. In fact, the simplest invertebrates may only experience existence in one dimension of space. Evolutionary biology suggests life has progressed from a one dimensional reality, to two dimensions to three dimensions, and there’s no scientific reason to think that the evolution of life stops there.
Advanced civilizations would certainly have changed the algorithms so that instead of being trapped in the linear dimensions we find ourselves in, their consciousness moves through the multiverse and beyond. Why would Aliens build massive ships and spend thousands of years to colonize planetary systems (most of which are probably useless and barren), when they could simply tinker with the algorithms and get whatever they want?
Life on Earth is just beginning to send its shoots upward into the heavens. We’ve even flung a piece of metal outside the solar system. Affixed to the spacecraft is a record with greetings in 60 languages. One can’t but wonder whether some civilization more advanced than ours will come upon it. Or will it just drift across the gulf of space? To me the answer is clear. But in case I’m wrong, I have a pitch fork guarding the ore in my backyard.
Excerpt from paranormal.lovetoknow.com
By Michelle Radcliff
The Bermuda Triangle is an area of mostly open ocean located between Bermuda, Miami, Florida and San Juan, Puerto Rico. The unexplained disappearances of hundreds of ships and airplanes in this area has made the Bermuda Triangle one of the world’s most notorious unsolved mysteries.
Recent Aircraft and Boat Disappearances
According to Bermuda-Triangle.org, around 129 planes have disappeared over the waters in the Bermuda Triangle between 1945 and 2008. After 2008, documented cases of unexplained aircraft disappearances in the area simply seem to stop, which deepens the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle even more. Detailed information about aircraft disappearances that occurred during World War II and shortly afterward can be found from numerous sources, as these events have become legendary in the unexplained and paranormal world.
However, reports on recent unexplained aircraft disappearances are much harder to find, possibly because of advances in modern technology. The three most recent include:
- 2005– June 20, a Piper PA- 23 vanished between Treasure Cay, Bahamas and Ft Pierce, Florida with three people aboard
- 2007– April 10, a Piper PA- 46-310P disappeared near Berry Islands with only the pilot on board
- 2008– December 15, a Britten Norman Islander vanished near the Windward Islands with 11 passengers aboard
Not all disappearances are related to mysterious circumstances, but the number is staggering when you calculate the odds of so many aircraft and ships disappearing in a specific region. Obviously, a percentage would be due to engine failures, squalls and other sudden storms.
- June 18, 2003 – Frank and Romina Leone left Boynton Beach Inlet, Florida in their 16-foot boat for a day excursion. They and their boat were never found. The couple was fondly remembered in a June 24, 2003, SunSentinel article that reports Romina was looking forward to her first fishing trip on the boat with her husband, Frank. The Leones launched their boat on a Wednesday afternoon and when the young couple failed to show up at each of their jobs in West Palm Beach in the next couple of days, coworkers, friends and family feared the worst. The Coast Guard launched a rescue mission early Friday morning, which covered over 35,700 square miles from Miami to Savannah, Georgia before it was called off around 6 pm the following Monday.
- October-November, 2003 – A fishing boat with the tragically ironic name of “What’s Left” was found capsized on a beach near Cape Canaveral. In an article published by NaplesNews.com, human remains found on the boat were believed to be one of the missing boaters: Gary Lisk, 61, Neil Eddleman, 47 and son, Neil Allen Eddleman, 13, who left on October 17 for a day fishing trip. The wreckage washed up 527 miles away from where the trio had launched at Gordon Pass. How the boat ended up where it was found baffled authorities, who could only speculate that the boat may have been caught in the Atlantic Gulf Stream, a slow moving current that travels up the eastern U.S. coast.
- March 23, 2004 – A 19-foot fishing boat owned by 40-year-old fishing enthusiast Glen Jamison left Hudson, Florida around 4 am Sunday, and was scheduled to return that night. The boat was discovered 32 miles west of Egmont Key, Florida, but Jamison was missing. According to the St. Petersburg Times, although Jamison loved to fish he could not swim at all. When the boat was found, the engine was tilted up with fishing line wrapped around the propeller. A nearby knife led family members and authorities to the conclusion that Jamison had been trying to cut the fishing line off of the propeller when he fell overboard.
Mysterious Problems and Close Calls
In posts appearing on both World Mysteries, a blog dedicated to unsolved mysteries and DiscloseTV, a news hub dedicated to unexplained phenomena, passengers on large, modern aircraft may be counting their blessings as survivors who just escaped being caught in the Triangle’s spooky web:
- March 26, 2001 – ComAir flight 5054 shook up passengers on a flight from Nassau to Orlando, when the plane began rolling from side to side and went into a deep dive. The plane managed to land safely in West Palm Beach but sustained serious damage to key tail components. Problems began when ice started to cover the windshield, the right engine, and right wing. Although the crew reacted quickly by turning on the plane’s anti-icing system at the highest level, the plane began to roll and then dive. Important flight instruments also began to fail at this time.
1995 – Cary Gordon Trantham had a close call as a pilot of a small, private Piper Warrior when she was returning home after spending time with her daughter in the Florida Keys. While flying over the open water at night, she suddenly felt as if a dark blanket of fog had been thrown over her plane. The horizon disappeared and she couldn’t see lights of any kind, just total blackness. At this point, a pilot can only rely on the plane’s instruments to keep it level and at a safe altitude. Unfortunately, the compass had gone erratic, the panel lights were fluctuating from dim to bright, the altitude indicator began to roll and there was a buzzing sound in her headset. You can find out how she escaped a tragic ending by visiting her website, Bermuda Triangle Survivor. Her story has been featured on the Discovery Channel, The Learning Channel, Syfy network, and National Geographic.
Other Recent Phenomenon
Two more recent disappearances reported at Bermuda-Attractions.com continue to deepen the mystery of the Triangle. Although these disappearances happened as late as the 1990s, details are still limited.
- 1991 – The last known contact with the pilot of a Grumman Cougar jet occurred when he made a routine radio request to increase altitude. As the aircraft flew higher into the atmosphere, It gradually faded from radar and then vanished altogether.
- 1999 – A distress call received by a vessel sailing near a cargo freighter called the Genesis reported the ship was having problems with the bilge pump. After this call, the ship and crew were never seen or heard from again, despite intensive and ongoing searches by the Coast Guard.
Possible Reasons for the Recent Lull in Bermuda Triangle Phenomenon
A plausible theory as to why the strange phenomenon of missing vessels and aircraft has literally become a thing of the past may be the technological advances in navigation, including GPS (Global Positioning Systems). It could also be possible that the danger zone has somehow moved.
The most recent bizarre disappearance of an aircraft over the tropical waters of the Caribbean happened just south of the Bermuda Triangle. “The Los Roques Curse,” as locals refer to it, is an area between Caracas, Venezuela and the 350 islands, cays and islets that make up the Los Roques island chain, where similar unexplained disappearances of ships and aircraft have been occurring since the 1990s. In a February, 2013 article published by the Huffington Post, acclaimed Italian fashion designer Vittorio Missoni and five companions boarded a BN-2 Islander aircraft in the Los Roques Island chain on January 4, 2013, headed for Caracas, Venezuela. After the plane had flown about 11 miles, it vanished into thin air. No wreckage from the plane or bodies were ever recovered, despite hundreds of search efforts.
Determining the Truth
As the activity in the Bermuda Triangle appears to wane and eventually stop altogether in the 21st century, could the anomaly have simply shifted a few hundred miles to the south? Or is it purely a coincidence that unexplained disappearances in boat and plane traffic has almost simultaneously been on the increase in an area so close? Like most paranormal phenomenon and unsolved mysteries, the truth will remain a matter of one’s personal belief.
Excerpt from theregister.co.uk
Boffins in Australia have applied a hundreds-of-years-old astronomical rule to data from the Kepler planet-hunting space telescope. They’ve come to the conclusion that the average star in our galaxy has not one but two Earth-size planets in its “goldilocks” zone where liquid water – and thus, life along Earthly lines – could exist.
“The ingredients for life are plentiful, and we now know that habitable environments are plentiful,” says Professor Charley Lineweaver, a down-under astrophysicist.
Lineweaver and PhD student Tim Bovaird worked this out by reviewing the data on exoplanets discovered by the famed Kepler planet-hunter space scope. Kepler naturally tends to find exoplanets which orbit close to their parent suns, as it detects them by the changes in light they make by passing in front of the star. As a result, most Kepler exoplanets are too hot for liquid water to be present on their surfaces, which makes them comparatively boring.
Good planets in the “goldilocks” zone which is neither too hot nor too cold are much harder to detect with Kepler, which is a shame as these are the planets which might be home to alien life – or alternatively, home one day to transplanted Earth life including human colonists, once we’ve cracked that pesky interstellar travel problem.
However there exists a thing called the Titius-Bode relation – aka Bode’s Law – which can be used, once you know where some inner planets are, to predict where ones further out will be found.
Assuming Bode’s Law works for other suns as it does here, and inputting the positions of known inner exoplanets found by Kepler, Lineweaver and Bovaird found that on average a star in our galaxy has two planets in its potentially-habitable zone.
That doesn’t mean there are habitable or inhabited planets at every star, of course. Even here in our solar system, apparently lifeless (and not very habitable) Mars is in the habitable zone.
Even so, there are an awful lot of planets in the galaxy, so some at least ought to have life on them, and in some cases this life ought to have achieved a detectable civilisation. Prof Lineweaver admits that the total lack of any sign of this is a bit of a puzzler.
“The universe is not teeming with aliens with human-like intelligence that can build radio telescopes and space ships,” admits the prof. “Otherwise we would have seen or heard from them.
“It could be that there is some other bottleneck for the emergence of life that we haven’t worked out yet. Or intelligent civilisations evolve, but then self-destruct.”
Of course, humans – some approximations of which have been around for some hundreds of thousands of years, perhaps – have only had civilisation of any kind in any location for a few thousand of those years. Our civilisation has only risen to levels where it could be detectable across interstellar distances very recently.
There may be many planets out there inhabited by intelligent aliens who either have no civilisation at all, or only primitive civilisation. There may be quite a few who have reached or passed the stage of emitting noticeable amounts of radio or other telltale signs, but those emissions either will not reach us for hundreds of thousands of years – or went past long ago.
It would seem reasonable to suspect that there are multitudes of worlds out there where life exists in plenty but has never become intelligent, as Earth life was for millions of years before early humans began using tools really quite recently.
But the numbers are still such that the apparent absence of star-travelling aliens could make you worry about the viability of technological civilisation if, like Professor Lineweaver, you learn your astrophysics out of textbooks and lectures (and publish your research, as we see here, in hefty boffinry journals like the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society).
But if movies, speculofictive novels and TV have taught us anything here on the Reg alien life desk, it is that in fact the galaxy is swarming with star-travelling aliens (and/or humans taken secretly from planet Earth for mysterious purposes in the past, or perhaps humans from somewhere else etc). The reason we don’t know about them is that they don’t want us to.
|President Barack Obama’s new $4 trillion budget plan is distributed by the Senate Budget Committee as it arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, early Monday, Feb. 02, 2015. The fiscal blueprint for the budget year that begins Oct. 1, seeks to raise taxes on wealthier Americans and corporations and use the extra income to lift the fortunes of families who have felt squeezed during tough economic times. Republicans, who now hold the power in Congress, are accusing the president of seeking to revert to tax-and-spend policies that will harm the economy while failing to do anything about soaring spending on government benefit programs. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)|
Excerpt from therepublic.com
WASHINGTON — Sure, $4 trillion sounds like a lot. But it goes fast when your budget stretches from aging highways to medical care to space travel and more.
Here’s an agency-by-agency look at how President Barack Obama would spend Americans’ money in the 2016 budget year beginning Oct. 1:
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Up or down? Up 4.3 percent
What’s new? Medicare could negotiate prices for cutting-edge drugs.
— The president’s proposed health care budget asks Congress to authorize Medicare to negotiate what it pays for high-cost prescription drugs and for biologics, including advanced medications for diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Currently, private insurers bargain on behalf of Medicare beneficiaries. Drug makers have beaten back prior proposals to give Medicare direct pricing power. But the introduction of a $1,000-a-pill hepatitis-C drug last year may have shifted the debate.
— Tobacco taxes would nearly double, to extend health insurance for low-income children. The federal cigarette tax would rise from just under $1.01 per pack to about $1.95 per pack. Taxes on other tobacco products also would go up. That would provide financing to pay for the Children’s Health Insurance Program through 2019. The federal-state program serves about 8 million children, and funding technically expires Sept. 30. The tobacco tax hike would take effect in 2016.
— Starting in 2019, the proposal increases Medicare premiums for high-income beneficiaries and adds charges for new enrollees. The charges for new enrollees include a home health copayment, changes to the Part B deductible, and a premium surcharge for seniors who’ve also purchased a kind of supplemental insurance whose generous benefits are seen as encouraging overuse of Medicare services.
— There’s full funding for ongoing implementation of Obama’s health care law.
—The plan would end the budget sequester’s 2 percent cut in Medicare payments to service providers and repeal another budget formula that otherwise will result in sharply lower payments for doctors. But what one hand gives, the other hand takes away. The budget also calls for Medicare cuts to hospitals, insurers, drug companies and other service providers.
Total spending: $1.1 trillion, including about $1 trillion on benefit programs including Medicare and Medicaid, already required by law.
Spending that needs Congress’ annual approval: $80 billion.
Up or down? Up 2.9 percent
What’s new? Not much. Just more money for planned missions.
—The exploration budget — which includes NASA’s plans to grab either an asteroid or a chunk of an asteroid and haul it closer to Earth for exploration by astronauts — gets a slight bump in funding. But the details within the overall exploration proposal are key. The Obama plan would put more money into cutting-edge non-rocket space technology; give a 54 percent spending jump to money sent to private firms to develop ships to taxi astronauts to the International Space Station; and cut by nearly 12 percent spending to build the next government big rocket and capsule to carry astronauts. Congress in the past has cut the president’s proposed spending on the private firms and technology and boosted the spending on the government big rocket and capsule.
—The president’s 0.8 percent proposed increase in NASA science spending is his first proposed jump in that category in four years. It’s also the first proposed jump in years in exploring other planets. It includes extra money for a 2020 unmanned Martian rover and continued funding for an eventual robotic mission to Jupiter’s moon Europa. But the biggest extra science spending goes to study Earth.
— Obama’s budget would cut aeronautics research 12 percent from current spending and slash NASA’s educational spending by 25 percent. It also slightly trims the annual spending to build the over-budget multi-billion dollar James Webb Space Telescope, which will eventually replace the Hubble Space Telescope and is scheduled to launch in 2018.
Total spending: $18.5 billion
Spending that needs Congress’ annual approval: $18.5 billion
Up or down? Up 31 percent
What’s new? A plan to tackle an estimated $2 trillion in deferred maintenance for the nation’s aging infrastructure by boosting highway and transit spending to $478 billion over six years.
— The six-year highway and transit plan would get a one-time $238 billion infusion from the general treasury. Some of the money would be offset by taxing the profits of U.S. companies that haven’t been paying taxes on income made overseas. That infusion comes on top of the $35 billion a year that normally comes from gasoline and diesel taxes and other transportation fees.
— The proposal also includes tax incentives to encourage private investment in infrastructure, and an infrastructure investment bank to help finance major transportation projects.
— The new infrastructure investment would be front-loaded. The budget proposes to spend the money over six years and pay for the programs over 10 years.
— The proposal also includes a new Interagency Infrastructure Permitting Improvement Center to coordinate efforts across nearly 20 federal agencies and bureaus to speed up the permitting process. For example, the Coast Guard, Corps of Engineers and Transportation Department are trying to synchronize their reviews of projects such as bridges that cross navigation channels.
Total spending: $94.5 billion, including more than $80 billion already required by law, mostly for highway and transit aid to states and improvement grants to airports.
Spending that needs Congress’ annual approval: $14.3 billion.
Associated Press writers Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar, Seth Borenstein, Joan Lowy and Connie Cass contributed to this report.
“Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) has raised a billion dollars in a financing round with two new investors, Google and Fidelity. They join existing investors Founders Fund, Draper Fisher Jurvetson, Valor Equity Partners and Capricorn. Google and Fidelity will collectively own just under 10 percent of the company.
“SpaceX designs, manufactures, and launches the world’s most advanced rockets and spacecraft. This funding will be used to support continued innovation in the areas of space transport, reusability, and satellite manufacturing.”
Did viking men bring their wives along? Viking men may have brought their wives with them to colonize new lands, a new DNA study suggestsGreg Giles | December 10, 2014 | 00:42
Vikings may have been family men who traveled with their wives to new lands, according to a new study of ancient Viking DNA.
Maternal DNA from ancient Norsemen closely matches that of modern-day people in the North Atlantic isles, particularly from the Orkney and Shetland Islands.
The findings suggest that both Viking men and women sailed on the ships to colonize new lands. The new study also challenges the popular conception of Vikings as glorified hoodlums with impressive seafaring skills.
“It overthrows this 19th century idea that the Vikings were just raiders and pillagers,” said study co-author Erika Hagelberg, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Oslo in Norway. “They established settlements and grew crops, and trade was very, very important.”
Vikings hold a special place in folklore as manly warriors who terrorized the coasts of France, England and Germany for three centuries. But the Vikings were much more than pirates and pillagers. They established far-flung trade routes, reached the shores of present-day America, settled in new lands and even founded the modern city of Dublin, which was called Dyfflin by the Vikings.
Some earlier genetic studies have suggested that Viking males traveled alone and then brought local women along when they settled in a new location. For instance, a 2001 study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics suggested that Norse men brought Gaelic women over when they colonized Iceland.
To learn more about Norse colonization patterns, Hagelberg and her colleagues extracted teeth and shaved off small wedges of long bones from 45 Norse skeletons that were dated to between A.D. 796 and A.D. 1066. The skeletons were first unearthed in various locations around Norway and are now housed in the Schreiner Collection at the University of Oslo.
The team looked at DNA carried in the mitochondria, the energy powerhouses of the cell. Because mitochondria are housed in the cytoplasm of a woman’s egg, they are passed on from a woman to her children and can therefore reveal maternal lineage. The team compared that material with mitochondrial DNA from 5,191 people from across Europe, as well as with previously analyzed samples from 68 ancient Icelanders.
The ancient Norse and Icelandic genetic material closely matched the maternal DNA in modern North Atlantic people, such as Swedes, Scots and the English. But the ancient Norse seemed most closely related to people from Orkney and Shetland Islands, Scottish isles that are quite close to Scandinavia.
“It looks like women were a more significant part of the colonization process compared to what was believed earlier,” said Jan Bill, an archaeologist and the curator of the Viking burial ship collection at the Museum of Cultural History, a part of the University of Oslo.
That lines up with historical documents, which suggest that Norse men, women and children — but also Scottish, British and Irish families — colonized far-flung islands such as Iceland, Bill told Live Science. Bill was not involved with the new study.
“This picture that we have of Viking raiding — a band of long ships plundering — there obviously would not be families on that kind of ship,” Bill said. “But when these raiding activities started to become a more permanent thing, then at some point you may actually see families are traveling along and staying in the camps.”
As a follow-up, the team would like to compare ancient Norse DNA to ancient DNA from Britain, Scotland and the North Atlantic Isles, to get a better look at exactly how all these people are related, Hagelberg said.
The findings were published today (Dec. 7) in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.
Thursday, April 26, 2012
Let the theme of the your day and the attitude for tomorrow be upon that which will be rather than that which was–which is in alignment and harmony and balance for the path of your soul.
Be as wise as the owl, as stealthy as the wolf and as gentle as the lamb.
Trust the magic of your minds, the power of your soul and the focus of your intent to meet your every goal and desire.
We have come to take you home to the hearth of the fire of creation, to the warmth of the consciousness of friends, to the bread of wisdom and the breeze of spirit; for, therein lies the truth.
We are very present with you, inseparable from you and merging with you. When you look in the mirror, you will see us smiling back.
New realities occur not with a lightning strike or a roll of thunder but rather a conscious intent to create anew.
Wednesday, April 11, 2012
All are juggling both positive and negative energies in their lives. So much so that the negative makes it difficult, at times, to maintain spiritual balance. So there is value in laying down the negative in order not to hinder the positive. So how do you lay down the negative to free yourself up for juggling the spiritual? The answer is in not giving negativity power through non-resistance and starving it of attention or focus.
Your energy fields as well as your mental capacities have limitations. If you are fussing over something, it is difficult to think of something else. So lay aside–we did not say ignore; for, that is resistance by acknowledging the negativity–and surrender the negative to be transformed and declare dominion in your life.
Do not attack negativity; for, it feeds on your fear. Be neither aggressive towards it nor defeated by it; for, dominion is a powerful state of being that resists nothing and overcomes everything.
Monday, March 26, 2012
Humility is the expression of your dominion in your life, independent from another’s perception or influence upon you. Humility is the state not of self-deprecation but rather an all-powerful state of being, neither lording over others nor groveling at their feet. Humility is the full recognition that all things that exist are equal and as powerful as you.
Friday, March 23, 2012
Celebrate humility and be in a spirit of thanksgiving that you reside in a universe that cares for its children. You are neither abandoned nor orphaned, and creation nurtures your physical being and you suckle upon the consciousness of All That Is. As you grow stronger and mature into the expressive beings you are destined to be, you become one with the creator from which you sprang forth like the seedling that falls upon the ground when mature drops other seeds for new growth.
Wednesday, March 21, 2012
Sorry we have left the lights out. Tomorrow we will turn the outboard lights of our ships on so many of you can see us for yourselves and take as much photographic and video evidence as you wish. We of the Ashtar Command are joining with our brothers and sisters of the Galactic Federation of Light in allowing more sightings of our ships, as well as much clearer sightings, to act as icebreakers to our presence in your world. Our command is also here in great numbers, and we have ships stationed above many different parts of your planet.
We would like you to also understand that although our ships may differ in appearance from some of those of the Galactic Federation of Light, when you see our ships you will not be seeing ships of the forces controlled by your dark Cabal. Our ships can be rather large in size, and our ships differ in their appearance somewhat from Galactic Federation of Light ships as our ships utilize light technologies as a source for their propulsion and operation and may differ greatly due to this these properties. When you see our ships you will be seeing light that differs in color to the background of the sky or space. You will still be able to photograph and videotape our ships, although what will appear on your 3rd dimensional film will not be clear outlines and depictions of how our ships truly appear and look like to us from our perspective. Nonetheless, we feel it is important that we begin to make our ships known to the people of your world as we are here and you will be seeing our ships in your daytime as well as nighttime skies.
The Ashtar Command has many ships of varying size and capabilities. We have ships designed for peaceful application, and we also have warships used to assist in the removal of the forces of the dark from worlds where the lessons learned from them are no longer necessary for the education and upliftment of those of a particular planet. Our ships used for this purpose do not function such as the warships of your 3rd dimensional world, rather, our ships peacefully and harmlessly roundup and exile the machines of war and their crews from their positions around and throughout a planet. Just as the Galactic Federation of Light, we to do all we can to make sure no harm comes to those of the opposing forces, but they must be removed somehow if they do not voluntarily surrender and end their resistance to the new direction of a society.
Our ships will radiate in many different vibrant colors as each color possesses a different property and allows for certain capabilities. You may refer to our ships as Lightships, for indeed this is how they will appear to you. Upon your ascension into the higher realms, our ships will appear slightly different to you, but depending on your level of advancement they may not appear in their true form and shape. We would recommend that the people of your world begin to become familiar with the appearance of our ships and the appearance of Galactic Federation of Light ships as you will be seeing us in your skies and it may be useful for you to be able to recognize our different alliances and assist others in our identification.
We, the Ashtar Command, are aligned in our mission with the Galactic Federation of Light at this time. We are playing for the same team, we are both of the light, and are both here for the upliftment of your planet and her people. You will not be seeing any other organizations or alliances of the dark here any longer, and you have nothing to worry about in this regard. We now have your atmospheres secured, and they will remain this way all the way through your planet's ascension into the higher realms. You can be confident in our abilities and trust that we have performed operations such as this very many times before.
Your safety is in good hands. Do not fear any ships you see in your skies as they will be manned by beings of the light who are here in service to you at this time. We would like to see many of you sharing this information with your brothers and sisters as we wish to step up greatly the number and quality of the sightings of our ships and this can only be made possible when an adequate understanding of who we are and why we are here is reached by your people. ‘Help us help you’ are words we would like you to keep in mind as we proceed with the next phases of operation.
Many new avenues have been opened in recent days as we have been able to remove the Cabal’s fighting forces from their positions around your planet. We now enjoy the luxury of free movement and will take full advantage of this as we now proceed with the next phases of the overall mission. We have much to do together, and these activities will begin with a flurry of activity all around your world. We will engage many of you in our operations and permit you to take back home with you evidence of your experiences with us to share with those of your world who wish to learn of us and see the truth of why we are here. There will be those who resist us and engage in a smear campaign against us and our reasons for being here, and we wish for you to act as a balancing agent for these attempts to discredit us.
We do not ask you to try to convince anyone of anything they do not wish to see. We only wish for you to share your truth and your understanding of us; that is all we ask. We do not ask anything more, and we thank you all for your tremendous efforts to spread the news of us and inform your brothers and sisters of what is transpiring in their world. Your work does not go unnoticed and will not go unrewarded. You have our word on this. Many surprises are in store for your people, and we look forward to presenting these gifts to you. These are not gifts from strangers. These are gifts from family, for indeed that is who we are to you. We are your families from long ago, and we have returned in offer of assistance in your time of great change. Conditions will present themselves upon your planet where our experience and our technology will be very beneficial to you, and we would like nothing more than to share what we have with you and assist you in this way. This is the main reason we are here, and we ask you to allow us to assist you in this way and to trust us, for this trust in us will be rewarded.
When we feel the time is right we will begin contacting many of you who have demonstrated that you have no fear of us and a willingness to work with us. How we will contact you differs from individual to individual, and we have effective methods to reach each and every one of you in one way or another. At that time, you will be given details of these opportunities and we will begin meeting with each of you personally to discuss your options.
We have agreed to this undertaking in your skies to help better prepare your people for our eventual introductions to you. We do not wish to create a panic situation and we do not wish to be the harbinger of confusion within your societies. We only wish to make our presence known to you and offer our assistance to your world through those who we feel we can safely and beneficially work with. Please continue to be beacons of light for truth and understanding and share what you know about our command and what we do to assist worlds such as yours. Our intentions are honorable and peaceful, and all of your planet will see this in the days ahead. Help make our introductions proceed as smoothly as possible, as it will benefit your world greatly if we can begin our many projects together as soon as possible. After the arrests of the members of the criminal Cabal, this will be your next task. Breaking through walls of fear and ignorance will be a most formidable task, but together we will succeed through effort, perseverance, and focus. These are the keys to success, and they will unlock the door to avenues of incredible potential and possibility.
The time is now to proceed. Focus on this, and we will assist in our own ways with this worldwide disclosure. There are many advancements that will be yours once we can begin working with you, and all of you will benefit greatly, even those who resist us. This is the way it will be for a while, but the day will come when all of your world will see that we are what we have claimed to be. There are no more tricks, there are no more cons, and there are no more plots and schemes that will work against you. We have assisted in our own way to see to that, and all the talk you may come upon will only be fear mongering and attempts at distraction and disinformation. Be advised to ignore this fear-based information as it has no basis in fact, and none of these fear-based predictions of Cabal trickery will ever materialize. We have said all along this would not be permitted and we have kept our word.
There will also be no other world war no matter what you read or how much this event is discussed through your media. These are attempts at distraction and to instill fear within the masses, but these are mere words and they will never materialize. Your world is headed for peace, prosperity and freedom for all beings on your planet, and nothing will stand in your way. Your biggest obstacle now as a society and as an individual is to overcome fear. Fear is now your greatest enemy. Fear is now your only enemy. There is nothing to fear, as it is just an illusion. Allow it to dissipate as it has no place in your new home. The sooner you can all release these unfounded fears, the more quickly we can begin our many projects together which will see the upliftment of everyone across your entire planet. Much hardship will be obliterated forever once we can assist you, and it is fear and fear only that stands in the way of your new world. Tear down this wall as it stands on a foundation of lies and deceit, and allow us to help you make your world a better place for all of you.
There is one more matter left unresolved before we can begin, and that is the removal from your society of the many members of your criminal Cabal. Once we move beyond that stage your world will be filled with excitement and activity as we assist you to begin making the many great changes to your society. This will be a very exciting period in your history, and lives everywhere across your planet will benefit greatly as they are touched by the love that the Creator and his universe has for them. Many lives have been touched this way, and it is now your turn as you have earned the gifts you are now to receive. The Creator showers his children with his gifts when they are ready to receive, and you have shown that this day for you has now come.
We are your Family of Light from the Stars.
As channeled through Greg Giles
Wednesday, March 21, 2012
Before consciousness arrived on this planet it was two-dimensional.
All the planet asks for, all she gives you is that you would lift her up into the Consciousness of God.
This is our gift to you that you are all powerful, all loving, and all divine. Do not struggle, just participate.
Be all powerful; for, all power is yours to create.
Spiritually be old enough to be wise and young enough to be strong.
Friday, March 16, 2012
Jesus suggested if you are like lukewarm “ I will spit you out from my mouth.“ The Hindi Islamic cultures see indecision as a deadly sin and a blatant statement of dishonoring God.
What is mediocrity and why is it so condemned by so many spiritual beliefs? Mediocrity is not indecision but rather state created from indecision. It is a denial of ones ability to choose and generally occurs because of fear or powerlessness. It is the fear to create and the resulting paralysis.
Religiously it is an “unforgivable” sin; for, the indecisive spirit because there is neither faith to rally you nor redemption to be obtained. It is a lack of commitment to ones self and their creation. It perhaps is the ultimate state of powerlessness. Better to have tried and fail than not try at all.
Mediocrity is not limited to just spiritual matters but personal and well as civil responsibilities. Some of the greatest travesties that have or are being inflicted on mankind are done because no one bothered to care and or stand up for their belief in an innate good. For those wishing to take your power away, they are banking on your mediocrity and as a result you become an unwitting participant in their evil doing. Omission is truly the opposite of Consciousness. It is an intentional abdication of your creative responsibilities.
We write this because we wish you to be empowered people unafraid to take a stand and take a risk. Remember the only failure is to do nothing in the face of that which you believe to be unfair, untrue or unjust.
The opposite of mediocrity is not aggression or the imposition of your beliefs on another. The opposite of mediocrity is commitment which results is a set of standards by which you live. You change the world not by changing others but by changing yourselves.
Commitment is the catalyst for creation because ones thoughts, words and deeds are in alignment with desired goals and when that commitment is combined with the consciousness, you are capable of creating all good things and are the conscious creators you were intend to be.
Wednesday, March 14, 2012
Celebrate the miracle of today and each miracle that comes thereafter.
Do not allow self-doubt of choices hinder the possibility and the potential in your life.
You are not predestined to anything, and your reality is fluid, flexible and unlimited.
There is not some predestined pathway that you must travel, only the one that you choose.
The are infinite realities, but the only reality that exists is the one in which you dwell. The self-awareness in which you exist is the only reality for you. Anything else is insignificant and doesn't matter.