Each of the seven chakras are governed by spiritual laws, principles of consciousness that we can use to cultivate greater harmony, happiness, and well-being in our lives and in the world.
The First Center: The Root ChakraThe root chakra, known in Sanskrit as muladhara, is located at the base of the spine. It governs your most basic survival needs. When this chakra is clear and energy flows through it freely, we feel secure and confident that we can easily fulfill our needs. However, blockage in this area can cause us to feel anxious and worried.
The spiritual Law of Karma governs the first energy center. On the physical plane, every action you perform results in a corresponding reaction. To maximize the possibility that your actions generate evolutionary reactions, you can use your body as a choice determining instrument.
Consider the possibilities in front of you and listen to signals from your body. These sensations generating from the root chakra are either comfortable or uncomfortable. Your body evaluates every possible decision in terms of its likelihood to meet your needs for safety or increase the level of threat you experience. The first chakra, which connects you with the earth, provides essential information as to the potential nourishment or toxicity that is available to you as a result of the actions you are taking.
The Second Center: Creativity ChakraThe creativity chakra, called svadhishtana, is associated with creativity in all its expressions. Located in the area of your sexual organs, the energy of this center can be used for biological reproduction. When channeled into higher energy centers, it fuels the creative force that enables you to paint a beautiful picture, build a business, or create a life of love and abundance.
The Law of Least Effort is lively in the second chakra. When your vital energy is flowing through your center of creativity, you co-create your life. The solution to every problem is rarely on the level of the problem. Rather, it comes from a deeper domain of creativity. Creativity is the process of taking the same raw material and creating different contexts and relationships between the components.
For example, when a composer creates a new piece of music, he is using the same notes in a new relationship with one another other, resulting in the emergence of something that did not exist before. The second chakra utilizes the raw material of the root chakra to create the world anew each day.
The Third Center: Energy ChakraThe energy chakra, manipura, is localized in your solar plexus. It’s the seat of your power in the world. When this center is open and flowing, you are capable of translating your intentions and desires into manifestation. When it is blocked, you feel frustrated and ineffectual.
The Law of Intention and Desire governs the third chakra. The seeds of intentions and desires reside in your personal soul. Nourishing the seeds you wish to germinate with your attention will lead to their full expression. It is important to be clear about your intentions so you are not surprised when they bear fruit.
The process of manifesting your desires is to first bring them into consciousness, followed by expanding your awareness through meditation, and finally releasing your intentions and detaching from the outcome. You can control your actions, however you cannot control the fruit of your actions. Keep your life energy flowing freely through your third chakra and the light and heat of your intentions will radiate on the world.
The Fourth Center: Heart ChakraThe heart chakra represents the unifying energy of love and compassion. Known as anahata, it is located at the center of the chest. The heart chakra is dedicated to overcoming separation and division. When the heart center is blocked, there is a sense of alienation from others. When the heart center is open and flowing, you feel connected at a deep level to all beings in your life.
The Law of Giving and Receiving governs the heart chakra. Love can take many different forms at different stages of life. The love of child for her mother is different than a mother’s love for her child. A friend’s love is different than that of a passionate lover or the love of a student for his teacher. However so, the common thread in each of these expressions of love is the impulse to unify—to overcome separation. This is the nature of the heart.
Every act of giving is simultaneously an act of receiving. Each time you welcome a gift into your life, you are providing the opportunity for someone to give. Just as a healthy physical heart receives blood from the periphery which it then oxygenates and pumps back out, your emotional heart stays healthy by receiving and giving love in all its forms.
The Fifth Center: Expression ChakraThe throat chakra, called visshuddha in Sanskrit, is the center of expression. When the fifth chakra is open and flowing, you have the confidence that you are capable of communicating your needs. When the fifth chakra is obstructed, a person will often feel that they are not being heard. In order to feel alive and empowered, it’s important that this energy center is clear. Blockages in this area are often associated with thyroid problems or chronic neck pain.
The Law of Detachment governs the throat chakra. An open fifth chakra enables you to express your truth without concern for censors or critics. This does not mean you say things that are intentionally hurtful or insensitive. On the contrary, people with open centers of communication are skillful in expressing their needs in ways that are life supporting. Anxiety over how people will react to your views does not arise when energy is flowing freely through the chakra of expression.
The Law of Detachment reminds you that you can choose your words and actions, but you cannot control the response to your words and action. When your intentions are clear, and your heart is open, you will spontaneously demonstrate right speech trusting that the universe will handle the details.
The Sixth Center: Intuition ChakraThe intuition chakra, known in Sanskrit as ajna, is located in the forehead. It is the center of insight and intuition. When this center is open, you have a deep sense of connection to your inner voice, and feel guided in your choices. When blocked, there is a sense of self-doubt and distrust. The opening of this chakra is usually associated with a clear sense of connection to ones dharma, or purpose in life.
The Law of Dharma or Cause and Effect governs the sixth chakra. You have within you a wise voice guiding you to express the highest aspects of your nature. Listen to this still inner voice, which is guiding you to manifest your full potential. Quiet the internal turbulence that is filled with the voices of others so you can identify the sound of your own soul. It has only one desire—for you to remember your essential nature as a spark of the divine.
Also see: Top 8 Supplements to Boost Your Pineal Gland Function
The Seventh Center: Consciousness ChakraThe consciousness chakra, known as dahaswara, is visualized as a lotus flower at the crown of the head. When the lotus unfolds its petals, the memory of wholeness is restored. Remember that your essential nature is unbounded, and that you are spirit in disguise as a person. This is the full expression of yoga – the unification of being with action, of universality with individuality.
The Law of Pure Potentiality governs the seventh chakra. When your roots are receiving nourishment from the earth in the first chakra, your creative juices are flowing in the second, your intentions are empowered in the third, your heart is open and exchanging love with those around you in the fourth, you are spontaneously expressing your highest self in the fifth, you are in touch with your inner voice in the sixth, only then, does energy move into the crown chakra and you remember your essential nature as infinite and unbounded. The thousand-petaled lotus flower unfolds and you know yourself as a spiritual being temporarily localized to a body and mind.
The Yoga of Meditation The Upanishads tell us, “As great as the infinite space beyond is the space within the lotus of the heart.” From the time of your birth, you have been called to explore the world outside of you. Meditation is the exploration of your inner world. Yoga encourages you to be as familiar with your inner world of thoughts, feelings, memories, desires, and imagination as you are with the outer world. When you can move through both the inner and outer domains of life with freedom and joy, you fulfill the highest purpose of yoga.
Deepak Chopra, M.D. co-founded the Chopra Center for Wellbeing in 1996 with the late Dr. David Simon, who co-wrote this article and the book The Seven Spiritual Laws of Yoga. You can learn more by visiting the Chopra Center’s resource page.
Steven Lanier / In5D Addendum
Chakras are energy centers that can help us find out where blockages are within us, thus helping to facilitate our spiritual progression. While it may be true that we don’t need our chakras, we can definitely learn from them.
Dandelion root can be purchased as a supplement or tea; its leaves make a great salad when young; and dandelion milk is especially good for treating skin diseases while the juice may treat acne and lower blood pressure. Here are 8 ways that consuming dandelions will benefit your health.
Dandelion root can be purchased as a supplement or tea; its leaves make a great salad when young; and dandelion milk is especially good for treating skin diseases while the juice may treat acne and lower blood pressure. Here are 8 ways that consuming dandelions will benefit your health.
Note: The following passage is excerpted from Chapter 1 of The Grand Illusion: A Synthesis of Science and Spirituality by Brendan D. Murphy.
In a time of drastic change, it is the learners who inherit the future. The learned usually find themselves equipped to live in a world that no longer exists. —Eric Hoffer
Kuhn states in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions that the actualization of a scientific paradigm is achieved by increasing the extent of the match between its facts and its predictions, and by further articulation of the paradigm itself: “mop-up work.” Kuhn’s candor is enlightening, as he explains that such work occupies most scientists right through their careers; it is “normal science,” an enterprise attempting to force-fit nature into the preformed conceptual boxes supplied by the already existing paradigm (the Big Bang theory comes to mind). New sorts of phenomena are not sought, and those phenomena that won’t be squeezed into pre-existing boxes tend to not even be seen at all. Scientists generally don’t seek to invent new theories, and they don’t always tolerate the theories of other scientists.[i]
Psychologically speaking, it makes sense that scientists imprinted by the culturally dominant paradigm they are born into will expend most of their energy attempting to understand it better and elaborate on it. Practically speaking, this has to be done because of the chasms that exist between science’s theoretical understandings of the cosmos (from the Greek Kosmos, meaning “ordered whole”) and what the cosmos actually has to offer—and every answer yields another ten questions. The average scientist is busy enough trying to test and validate aspects of the preformed paradigmatic box he or she has inherited without having to worry about various anomalies that challenge the basic parameters, theoretical underpinnings, or first principles of that box. Hence, anomalous data, such as that which we will deliberately focus on in this book, is typically unfavorable to those scientists imprinted by a theory or model of the universe that posits that such phenomena should not even exist. The presumption seemingly made by many scientists—like the child who naïvely sees his parents as being god-like in their knowledge and authority—is obviously that the paradigm must be right and that there’s no point actually checking, or else why would it be the dominant paradigm? This, of course, creates unscientific institutionalized blind spots that do not harmonize with people whose conscious experience is not congruent with what the popular theory says they should or shouldn’t be experiencing. If the facts of your waking experience are not encapsulated by the theory, and your experiences are being shared by millions of other people, then perhaps the theory needs some revision.
Importantly, Kuhn also stated that a paradigm defines what constitutes a valid scientific problem. Any pursuits venturing away from the confines of the paradigm therefore define themselves as being “unscientific” (and therefore the findings must be untrue) by default, and—to conventional thinking—this is where most of the information contained in this book lies: the scientific wilderness or no man’s land. This briefly outlined “scientific” approach, needless to say, can institutionalize myopic and dogmatic gate-keeping activities that prevent novel research from occurring (or being published), ironically in the name of science if not the form, leading to a stagnation in the advancement of science to the extent that such activities succeed and prevail. However, history shows that such circumstances break down in the end, in line with the ultimate law of the world of form and relativity: the only constant is change.
The individuals who catalyze such breakdowns and revolutions of thought and encourage them to unfold towards what will ultimately be a state of greater order and understanding (whether they facilitate this consciously or otherwise) are what Rudhyar called civilizers (and what historian Arthur Toynbee referred to as creative minorities). These (relatively) independent and forward-thinking minds possess a differing vision from the majority of culturally conditioned minds, aptly designated as culture minds. For clarity, culture is defined by anthropologists as a collection of learned survival strategies passed on to our young through teaching and modeling.[ii] The culture mind, which is essentially a reflection of the collective or group mind, is the one that imprints on and inherits a pre-existing paradigm, refines it, champions it, and, maybe above all, defends it against “attack” from unfamiliar and unexpected data—supposedly for the benefit of humankind, but in truth simply as a coping mechanism, perhaps a perversion of a biological survival drive. Such was the role of those who decried the invention of the light bulb, the radio, the telescope, and almost every other novel and important invention through our history.
Joseph C. Pearce refers to culture as “the collective embodiment of our survival ideation,” and “a circular stalemate,”[iii] and in this sense our narrow cultural tendencies are holding us back from transcending ourselves. The civilizer mind, on the other hand, is the lonely soul or minority of souls brave or silly enough to bring forth such unexpected and “ridiculous” creations as light bulbs, radios, quantum mechanics, or parapsychology, and pose the uncomfortable questions stemming from them that the culture mind’s paradigm had failed to anticipate.
What if this new phenomenon is real? What if the universe doesn’t work the precise way our paradigms led us to believe? What if more is possible? The civilizer will pursue a new line of inquiry in spite of its being politically incorrect or taboo, if he or she perceives that such a pursuit could benefit mankind in the long run. This will of course be done to the chagrin of the tribally oriented culture mind who perceives, however dimly, such investigation as a threat to his status and identity—his models of self and the universe. Eventually, when the civilizer has succeeded in gaining acceptance for his new concept or invention and it has become familiar and even commonplace, a new breed of culture mind will grow up taking this once dangerous heresy for granted as self-evident and obvious.
Thus, the genius civilizer and Hermeticist Isaac Newton’s profound scientific output led to the formulation of new and unforeseen paradigms which would ultimately be inherited by culture mind minions who would dogmatically insist that those materialistic and reductionistic paradigms essentially described the Universe as it was and must necessarily be, refusing to acknowledge the validity of legitimate information that did not conform to the expectations induced by those (incomplete) paradigms. New data or refinements were permissible only insofar as they did not challenge the fundamental precepts of the Newtonian outlook, and thus the religion of Funda-Materialism (Fundamentalist Materialism) was born (which is ironic, since, as Newton matured he moved from a mechanistic view to an essentially “magical” one, being deeply involved in alchemical research, as well as being a Freemason and student of Biblical prophesy[iv]).
The culture mind is typically bent on maintaining the status quo at any cost, for it lacks imagination and vision enough to see a potentially better way of operating, and more importantly, its identity is intimately tied to said status quo, so challenging the latter threatens the former by default. It might reluctantly agree to consider making some small changes, however, if a “credible” and familiar cultural authority figure can induce it into perceiving some kind of self-benefit for such an action. As Joseph Chilton Pearce observes, “Culture is the fundamental deviancy of intellect from intelligence, and because of its massively unnatural and arbitrary, and illogical nature, it requires an equally massive energy to sustain it.”[v]
Inspection reveals that for the most part—within the context of paranormal research—that energy is the emotion known asfear, and it is usually repressed/subliminal, lurking in the background, tacitly guiding our processes of logic (and sabotaging our capacity to learn). Culture, as Pearce points out, feeds the ancient survival modes of our brain and keeps us locked into them.[vi] This means that information challenging the culture mind’s paradigm and sense of self evokes a fight-or-flight biological sort of response—about the lowest level of intelligence available to us. Having only those two ways of responding to “threatening” data is profoundly limiting to intelligence. It leaves one with only the option of perpetually debunking (“fighting”) information through a pseudo-intellectual veneer, or simply fleeing from the most challenging facts altogether. More intelligent responses could be forthcoming if our sense of self was not based on such flimsy ground and so easily “undermined”–expanded on, in truth—by the “unexplainable.”
Self-interest is a strong motive for the biospherically oriented culture mind, while the civilizer’s motive is typically something more transpersonal, something vaster and more far-reaching. The civilizer seeks to drag the possible future into the manifest present. In Rudhyar’s estimation, the steps to preparing for the role as a civilizer include “having a deep-seated dissatisfaction with the forms and institutions that the culture has built…and the development of a mind able to relentlessly question the intellectual and/or moral validity of the essential premises (paradigms) constituting the framework of the collective mentality of a society having already passed its maturity.”[vii]
Gautama the Buddha, Pythagoras, Newton, Bacon, Tesla and many researchers, mystics, and occultists who will be mentioned in the following pages have been cast in the mould of the civilizer mind, pioneers and trailblazers that they are (or were). The consciousness of these individuals no longer imbues the familiar cultural beliefs, assumptions, values, behavioral patterns, and concepts, with the importance and/or meaning they have for the average human being/culture mind. In some cases, Rudhyar observed, these people have actually “transferred the center of their consciousness and therefore their sense of identity from the biopsychic level to a spiritual-mental level.”[viii] This is exactly what we seek to facilitate here.
What the creative minds are able to communicate to others in their culture “becomes a mutating ideologic seed that, sooner or later, will germinate and affect other minds.”[ix] Thus, culture is the carrier wave, as Rudhyar termed it, of civilization. The process of civilization cannot occur without cultures and culture minds to evolve and transform, to “civilize.” “Culture forms. Civilization transforms.”[x]
The process of transformation implies a sort of crisis (from a Greek root, meaning “to decide”), and it is indeed a crisis/decision point that humanity currently finds itself at. This is especially so for our dominant scientific paradigms, placed under siege and laid waste by inconvenient facts that have been swept under the proverbial rug for so long now that the rug looks as if it’s hiding a jittery woolly mammoth. This hulking mass now appears ready to topple over into collective awareness with an almighty crash. Our cherished materialistic-reductionist paradigms of life and consciousness are crumbling under the weight of their own obfuscations and omissions. Such is the saturation of inconvenient facts that perceptive scientists such as Radin can legitimately state that we are indeed making the step from Phase 1 of outright institutional denial to Phase 2 of reluctant acceptance and further, more mainstream investigation. This very fact signifies a philosophical crisis occurring in the hallowed halls of science, as the growing realization dawns on more and more minds that our dominant politically correct scientifically induced (andscientistically preserved) metaphysical assumptions about our existence are simply unable to cope with the questions being asked of them.
New paradigms are in the making—culture is being civilized (transformed) in a way that few generations on this Earth have ever had the opportunity to witness. With the capability to “nuke” or simply pollute and contaminate ourselves out of existence, there has probably not been a better time in our recorded history to embrace the dynamic of civilization and choose to consciously transform ourselves and our cultures (and by that I don’t mean throwing in with a totalitarian World Government agenda run by psychopathic unelected financial oligarchs). The creations of civilizer minds, as opposed to culture minds, induce sociocultural transformation rather than fulfilment, or what we might often refer to as the preservation of the status quo. Such humans are transpersonalbeings, according to Rudhyar. “Space, life, God, act through them, even if they are not aware of this fact.”[xi] The civilization process pertains to the activity of “spirit” as spirit acts through the mind. While spirit creates, culture merely reproduces.[xii] Finally, Rudhyar tells us: “The way of transformation is what occultists call ‘The Path.’ The real civilizer is the man of relationship. He relates the as-yet-unknown to the known, the greater to the lesser.”[xiii]
This book, as the reader has no doubt gathered by now, is the kind of dangerous and subversive text that can potentially play a civilizing or transformative role—as long as one’s mind is receptive, curious, and open. The time is ripe for such outlandish material to be circulated en masse, because perhaps never in our known history have the masses of mankind been so beaten down, worn out, and disillusioned with the status quo (just look at the “Occupy” movement!). More to the point is the fact that never before have we known the collective mind to be undertaking the kind of mass awakening that now appears to be happening and gathering pace, even as I type these words.
What makes this book dangerous to the conditioned culture mind is the author’s refusal to allow his perceptions to be utterly dictated and shaped by his own culture’s customs, taboos, and metaphysical assumptions. This book challenges dogma, culturally ingrained assumptions, and beliefs, rather than arbitrarily selecting one particular “culturized” viewpoint (say, materialism, Freudianism, or Christian fundamentalism) and espousing it at the expense of all other viewpoints merely out of fear or pride. Culture seizes the new ideas civilization creates and erects them into systems and truths endowed with permanent value, leading to tradition and also dogmatism. The civilizer “plays with” ideas and his mind “sees,” while the culture-man’s mind cogitates and endlessly argues pros and cons.[xiv] The purpose of this book is not to merely argue pros and cons, but to expand one’s vision: to civilize/transform.
It is interesting to note that one cannot spell culture without cult. What is a cult best at? Rigidly and fiercely maintaining its own cognitive status quo, its ontology, in spite of any and all evidence to the contrary—indefinitely. Extreme data filtration and streamlining. Model fanaticism courtesy of what I dub “paradigmatic fanatics.” No cult member ever really realizes the depths of stupidity he or she, as a believer, sinks to until they leave the cult, dis-identify with its models of reality and the world, and stand on the outside looking in. We want to transcend the culture mind. A change in perspective (data reception and meaning creation) is a powerful thing. The product of any profound and positive change in perspective is transformation/civilization. At this point in our history, can we aim for anything less?
[i] See Kuhn.
[ii] Pearce, The Biology of Transcendence, 2.
[iii] Ibid., 3.
[iv] See my article The Newton You Never Knew (www.globalfreedommovement.net).
[v] Pearce, 125.
[vi] Ibid., 171.
[vii] Rudhyar, 107.
[viii] Ibid., 34.
[ix] Ibid., 44.
[x] Ibid., 26.
[xi] Ibid., 66–7.
[xii] Ibid., 180.
[xiii] Ibid., 129.
[xiv] Ibid., 194.
(Complete references are in TGI)
About the Author
“What a wonderful job of collating and integrating you have done! Every person in the field of ‘paranormal’ psychology or related topics should have this book as a major reference.” – Dr. Buryl Payne
“A masterpiece…The Grand Illusion is mind-blowing.” – Sol Luckman, author of Potentiate Your DNA.
“You’ve written the best synthesis of modern science and esoteric science that I’ve seen in 40 years of study in that area. Brilliant!” – Michael K. Wade
Please visit – www.globalfreedommovement.org
Nanotechnology – that is, metal oxide particles* such as titanium dioxide – are increasingly used in the commercial food supply, consumer goods, body care and in water treatment.
The gut microbiome is today’s most appealing topic of science because it was previously unacknowledged by the medical community just how important gut health is to the human brain, hormones, immunity, mental health and more. Maintaining a healthy gut has everything to do with optimum well being.
Unfortunately, so many substances are ushered into the food supply without testing, inspection, regulation or even the courtesy of a clear label. Consumers have no idea of what they are assimilating or how it will affect their health in the long term.
Yet, a paper hot off the presses in Environmental Engineering Science shows one reason why this practice should be promptly checked.
You may wish to copy and paste “Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Induce Minimal Phenotypic Changes in a Model Colon Gut Microbiota” into a Word document while it is available to read for free until June 1st.
Researchers found that nanoparticles led to multiple, measurable differences in the normal microbial community that inhabits the human gut, and they write:
Understanding the interactions between NPs and bacteria in an engineered model colon can indicate potential impacts of NP exposure on the gut, and therefore overall human health. Human microbiome health has important implications to overall individual health.
Overall, the NPs caused nonlethal, significant changes to the microbial community’s phenotype, which may be related to overall health effects.
The article authors individually introduced three different nanoparticles — zinc oxide, cerium dioxide, and titanium dioxide — commonly used in products such as toothpastes, cosmetics, sunscreens, coatings, and paints, into a model of the human colon. The model colon mimics the normal gut environment and contains the microorganisms typically present in the human microbiome. Although they stopped short of blaming nanoparticles for serious damage (but they hinted), they demonstrate that exposure to nanoparticles created a visible, significant difference in how the microbiome functions.
They described changes in both specific characteristics of the microbial community and of the gut microenvironment after exposure to the nanoparticles. For instance, they point out past and current research of membrane damage in eukaryotic cells, negative effects in Escherichia coli, crossing the epithelial lining, strain specific antimicrobial effects and more. Their paper is also a great compilation of previous nanotech research.
It goes to show how such studies should have been explored before these substances were allowed anywhere near people’s intestinal tracts and skin.
Previous research has also demonstrated the cancer-causing effects of nanoparticles in the intestinal tract.Definitely try to avoid packaged junk food, candy and body care products that contain whitening agents (like gum, Mentos and commercial sunscreen). However, there are other types of nanoparticles in consumer goods that go largely unnoticed, so reducing your reliance on commercial products could be one way to better the gut microbiota.
Other research papers are trying to influence the public into submitting to nanotech already placed in their food by using absurd shaming labels like “technology rejecters” for those who would rather pay more to avoid eating nanoparticles. They wish to see what it would take to get acquiescence even though no one ever asked for these materials to be flushed into the food and water supply.
Follow your gut instinct while you still can!
*Particles the size of nanometers – approximately 100,000 times smaller than the width of a human hair. – See more at: http://www.naturalblaze.com/2014/12/injectable-3d-vaccines-with.html#sthash.uaYixADa.dpuf
About the Author
Men have been manipulated for millennia by the governing class through the technique of fear through internal and external threats. While it is true that in tribal societies the external (and sometimes internal) threat was very real, the extent of the plebian mind remained in the dialectic of “we good, they bad.” Today man is no different, but what is different is that the halls and levers of power are less visible than in ancient civilizations. The average American in our day can watch Game of Throneswhere political elites manipulate their underlings and one another on a daily basis, yet remain ever unable to translate this into the real world.
Some years back, I wrote a piece on engineered revolution, where I explain how the philosophy of revolution is a faith-based system – a technology for destabilization and transformation. At the time of the “Arab Spring” and concomitant “color revolutions,” I wrote:
Destabilization of regions is a classic tactic of political intrigue, yet most people think the color revolutions and “Arab Springs” are real. Not only are they not real (although there are real discontents among the populace), the “springs” are revolutions that are engineered, with the recent trend including the implementation of social media in fostering fake revolutions. These revolutions are engineered by front groups for the purpose of controlling Eurasia. This was the geo-political stratagem of the West which was announced years ago, and Zbigniew Brzezinski spoke of the necessity of controlling Eurasia to control the world for the American Empire. Destabilization is the neo-conservative approach to this area, however, and if we recall last year, Henry Kissinger noted that we would see a series of acts of destabilizations in the Middle Eastern nations that were, in a large part, given impetus by color revolutions.
Since then, we’ve seen the takedown of Libya, U.S./NATO proxy war advances on Ukraine and the establishment of a State Department-funded government in Kyiv, U.S./Saudi bombing in Yemen, attempts at war with Assad in Syria, as well as numerous other attempts as regime change and revolution in South America and Asia under the ubiquitous guise of “democracy” and “human rights.” The second and third acts of Kissinger’s play are in full effect, and while these foreign policy ventures may seem immaterial to the domestically-hyped terror events and the coming “summer of race riots” in the U.S., they are intimately connected. As I wrote at the time of the staged Ferguson debacle, the “humanitarian” auspices of the revolution-funding foreign policy is the same tactic and technique of the domestic “democratic” agents of change. What comes in any regime that falls to the Atlanticist banking empire is the same disorder at home: McDonald’s., GMOs, mandated vaccines, feminism, abortion, and all the other great American freedoms.
The British Ministry of Defense projected all of this and more in 2007 drew up in one of their key futurist white papers. Citing The Guardian, I explained:
“Those of us in alternative media who actually know what planet we’re on have been pointing to documents like the 2007 British Ministry of Defense’s projection of civil unrest, flash mobs and technological slavery for several years now. The report was detailed in the Guardian as follows: “Information chips implanted in the brain. Electromagnetic pulse weapons. The middle classes becoming revolutionary, taking on the role of Marx’s proletariat. The population of countries in the Middle East increasing by 132%, while Europe’s drops as fertility falls. “Flashmobs” – groups rapidly mobilised by criminal gangs or terrorists groups.”
It is precisely to these foundations, think tanks and committees that we must look to understand the actual shadow government, and its control of the military/industrial SOCOM/NORTHCOM/USECOM, etc. for the implementation of its endgame. Above these foundations and think tanks are the international finance and banking houses that own the controlling shares in the federal reserve banks and Fortune 100. This is the real shadow government, the real power in our world, and if you ever wonder why the globalist march continues on unfettered, it’s because the populace presumes Obama and company are ruling the roost. Rather, the open geopolitical strategies of these foundations and think tanks is to engineer society into a new era of technocratic global order.
Having written probably a hundred articles on the technocracy, I won’t repeat old news, but for understanding the usage of “democratic humanitarianism,” I want to highlight that the same principles of Marxist/socialist social engineering utilized in foreign policy by the western banking elite are the same principles used at home in the race rioting thug mobs in Ferguson and now Baltimore. The tactics of stirring up the mob against local business owners and police was a classic tactic of the Jacobins in France, utilizing ignorant and naïve youths for (at that time) foreign powers. The technique of internal social disorder was discovered to be far more effective as a long-term strategy of eroding a rival than an outright attack.
Likewise, with Ferguson and now Baltimore, we see the exact same pattern of the repackaging of foundation-controlled and created “revolution” through “agents of change” with the aid of local intelligence agencies and provocateurs. This is how there is a commonality between the approach of invented entities such as ISIS, and the displaced and disenchanted black youth of Ferguson and Baltimore, wherein a selected minority group is targeted with specific psychological warfare that appeals to tribal instincts.
This same technique is now being used for gender as a whole, as feminism, “women’s rights,” “gender rights,” equality, etc., now make up a large portion of the total news feed. Increasingly taking on a clickbait style, the endless gender oppression articles are another technology for social reengineering under the guise of appealing to the female populace. Females are undeniably more susceptible to emotional appeals and advertising deception, the same marketing styles of ad campaigns for endless hygiene products now mirrors the mindless, gender-based “stories” of oppressed trans teens and eternally victimized and “oppressed” western women (who have the highest living standards in the world). While western women conduct their war on the patriarchal power by sharing these retarded stories on their iPads, they are just as much the dupes of the same foundation/think tank techniques as the low IQ ISIS “recruits” and the ghetto mobs.
On the other side of the dialectic are the equally duped “right wingers” who still champion the Bush Dynasty and so-called American “freedoms,” the great envy of all the world that must be protected at all costs from an absolutely impossible, fabricated foreign invasion by ISIS. Constituting the new boogey-man in the patriot/tea party mythos, the invasion of the western intelligence created and backed “ISIS” is the phony “bad man” parallels the phony “bad man” of the thugs (the 1%, which is actually anyone middle class), and the “bad man” of the narcissistic American female, the patriarchy. All of these “bad men” are invented bad men, manufactured and created by the foundations and think tanks to manipulate your specific population niche. The establishment has recruited and used dumb, low IQ, prison-convert, Muslim mind-controlled bots for decades, just as the system has used dumb, low IQ females as poster children for “gender revolution.” Already questions are being raised over yesterday’s Garland, Texas shooting, with ISIS purportedly claiming responsibility.
In other words, the system’s plan is to fund more bogus Marxism, socialism and phony equalism to cause unrest so the system can offer the solution of increased bureaucracy and technological slavery. Order out of chaos is always the game plan and it never changes. You can always look at the establishment’s modus operandi and accurately predict what will come because the plays never change. And the plays never change because fallen human nature prefers to feed its animal side to its rational side.
“The RAND study, which was conducted for the U.S. Army’s Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, recommended using the Marshals Service rather than the US Army’s Military Police as host for the SPFOR in order to avoid conflicts with the Posse Comitatus Act, which forbids (albeit in principle more than in practice) the domestic use of the military as a law enforcement body.
“The USMS hybrid option … provides an important nondeployed mission for the force: augmenting state and local agencies, many of which currently suffer from severe personnel shortages,” states the report without explaining how the SPFOR could at once “augment” those under-manned agencies while at the same time being “augmented” by them if necessary.”
The “solution” to race riots and engineered social disorder is the boot of the paramilitary police state. The much-discussed furor of the Jade Helm operation is not about some imminent martial law takeover, it’s about preparations for the very scenarios the system wants. As summer 2015 comes, we can expect more engineered race riots, with Justice Department aid (under foundation direction), to be met with a simpering population’s cry for “more safety, more security!” from the paramilitary federalized local police force.
“Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him.” -Proverbs 26:27
About the Author
“To fathom hell or soar angelic just take a pinch of psychedelic.” -Humphry Osmond
When we talk about drugs, we have to keep in mind that the word ”drug” is a general term used for a vast variety of substances and plants which has physiological and biological effects on humans. Sugar and coffee, for example, are just a few on the list.
Are all drugs bad? Are all drugs good? Is there a difference between chemicals and plants? Can a truthful education about this matter prevent the negative effects caused by the bad drugs and reveal the benefits of the good ones?
In my previous article: ‘’The Catalysts for Change: Why consciousness expanding plants are feared and deemed illegal?’’, I have proposed an idea of education which is not exactly the type of education we were exposed to in schools. Although some of the things which are taught in schools might be useful later on in life, the absence of truthful drug education in the curriculum can and actually does cause harm, potentially leading to undesirable consequences. I wish I would have had this kind of education during my youth. It sure would have spared a lot of problems for me, my parents and countless other people I knew, some of whom didn’t live long enough to know better.
Is the fear instilled on us by the government slogans: ‘’Say No to Drugs’’, effective? Does this prevent the people from having their lives ruined by the dangerous street drugs, not knowing the difference nor the alternatives?
Is it not the time to have a honest talk?
How about we start from the worse and talk about heroin and cocaine which are found in abundance on the streets of every city. What do we actually know about these substances?
Well, neither heroin nor cocaine in the form which is available on the streets is natural; both are processed chemicals.
Let’s talk about heroin first. Heroin is a street name for a synthesized morphine which is naturally occurring alkaloid in the opium poppy. Morphine is a classic example for abused medicine. Morphine is a powerful analgesic which should be only used for medical purposes. Does the abuse of morphine means that the opium poppy is bad? Of course not. The poppy grows for a reason and has a specific purpose.
Is heroin bad? Yes, if abused. If not, it’s an analgesic medicine.
What is cocaine? Well, what you buy on the street as cocaine is not really cocaine. Cocaine is one of 14 alkaloids found in the coca leafs which we call Sacred in the Andes. On every shamanic altar you will find coca leafs which are prayed with and made as an offering. Coca is truly a gift from Mother Nature. It gives you the strength and stamina when needed, fights fatigue and suppresses thirst and hunger. Make you work or walk all day in the mountains without food, water or getting tired. This is how people survive in the Andes. Fernando Cabieses Molina, respected Peruvian neurosurgeon and educator, founder of Peru’s National Institute of Traditional Medicine, world-renowned authority and longtime defender of native use of herbal medicines including coca, has studied the chemical properties of coca leaf and cocaine for 40 years. He argues that the coca leaf, when chewed in quantity, relieves hunger, thirst and fatigue. His conclusion was certain: chewing coca leafs does not produce the euphoria, anxiety, depression or addiction that is experienced by cocaine users. He further explains that extraction of one alkaloid results in a qualitatively different substance, which like the distinctive methods by which it is introduced into the body, produces different physiological consequences. It is, as he says, “…as if instead of smoking or chewing tobacco, we refined and injected it…”
I do agree and can support the doctor’s views with my own humble experience. Chewing coca is not addictive. It is impossible to get addicted to the leaf. I have been chewing and drinking coca for six consecutive years, and in big quantities when needed. Then, when I don’t need it, I don’t use it.
You are being served coca tea in every restaurant and hotel while being in Cusco or the Sacred Valley of the Incas in Peru. This is the way of the Andes.
But is the same coca that reaches you? No! What’s reaching you is one extracted alkaloid which then gets mixed with methamphetamines (synthetic drugs) to increase its weigh and thus the profit to the manufacturer. And this is where the problem starts. The synthetic additives are causing the addiction and consequently psychosis.
Is cocaine bad? Yes but not the Coca. Coca is stimulating, highly nutritive, longevity medicine.
It contains proteins, vitamins and high concentration of calcium. Coca is pure medicine when respected and used in traditional way.
It’s how we use the plant that matters.
Let’s say that you left the fire on in the chimney on the way out from your house. Then when you have returned, you found your house burnt to the ground. Is the fire bad? But is it not the same fire that keeps you warm and helps you cook your food?
When you hear about violent crimes when firearm is used, do you blame the guns or the people using them?
Is it not the same gun that can protect your family from home invasion, robbery, rape or murder?
It’s how we use the tools that matters.
When we dealing with any tools and forms of energy, we need to remember that they are morally transparent and it is our intention that gives them the color. A responsible and knowledgeable use of medicinal plants and psychedelics can be beneficial just as the mindless use of legal substances can be destructive.
Before we proceed to the other category of plants, let us remind ourselves that the two plants above are related to sedatives and stimulants, not to psychedelics or consciousness expanding plants, which are completely different story.
Psychedelic simply means: mind manifesting, a term first sculpted out from the clay of words by doctor Hampry Osmand while preparing for the psychiatric conference in 1956. He was the same doctor who has administrated mescaline, a naturally occurring alkaloid in San Pedro and Peyote cactus, to Aldous Huxley who wrote about his experience in his epic book, “the Doors of Perception’’, which took off like a wild fire, sparkling both delight and critique. Although being aware of the book, for the first time I’ve read it when I already have had 10 years of experience and roughly 700 mescaline journeys, always done in shamanic setting, and was rather looking for faults in Huxley’s writing. Found none, however, I was rather humbled by such a brilliant account of his. He has definitely seen the essence and touched the heart of the mystical experience, to which mescaline served as the key unlocking the forbidden doors of perception.
We should look at psychedelics as powerful tools for studying the inner world of man, just as the telescope is used as an instrument to study stars. That which is seen and learned through the telescope will remain unknown for the man who looks at the stars with the naked eye. And just as the telescope is helping to focus the light emitted from the darker corners of the cosmos, thus making it seen, in similar manner psychedelics are helping us to focus the attention on our consciousness, magnifying it to a comprehensible size.
But what is a psychedelic experience?
Well, for certain, it is not contained in the words describing it. It is in fact a wordless, internal and intimate encounter with the Other, which has many faces. Some of these astonishing, others are bearing teaching. When we refer to the mescaline experience in particular, the closest word to describe an indescribable experience would be: ‘’beatific vision’’, as it has been rightly noted earlier by mystics. We can write poetry about it and still be far from the experience itself. Words are only symbols, a finger pointing to the moon, not the moon themselves. ‘’Words are utter but fail to enlighten’’- as Aldous Huxley has precisely said.
Through mescaline, one gains admission to the real world, escaping limitations of the linguistic prison, which although is rich with a tapestry of words and concepts, is still a prison.
The validation of this experience is a personal quest and a solitary journey, even when taken together with others. It’s like life and death; we are born and die alone. Same with the psychedelic journey. A mescaline experience is capable of opening the inner vision, revealing the unseen. It is a key with which you can unlock the mental shackles and set your mind free. It is the fuel we need to reach the stars without taking off the ground.
But a psychedelic experience cannot be viewed and studied only scientifically as merely a chemical reaction in the brain. In addition to this kind of study, the scientists who are on the case must have the experience themselves. How can one otherwise learn about the water without ever getting wet? This whole phenomenon belongs to another order, another realm of consciousness which undeniably exists although cannot to be measured or captured on the screen. It belongs to metaphysics, which is a fundamental part of a human existence.
As I have myself been interested in the eastern spiritual paths long before I met shamanic plants, divine cactus of Peru and Mexico in particular, I could deeply relate to Huxley’s search and feel his passion for the direct spiritual experience of an objective reality. The stupendous beauty of the world engulfed with life and meaning, which is always present behind the veil of an ordinary perception of reality, which can be gently lifted by the grace of the mescaline cacti, is that very same place which has been known for ages by the Sufis, sages and mystics of the East.
Born an atheist in the Soviet Union in a Jewish family, I was looking for God all my life, trying to prove that God does not exist. But only after having my psychedelic experiences on mescaline, I began to understand that I was looking for God in the wrong places. The God I found was not living in the buildings. Nor present in the books.
During the years, I was pondering the questions such as: was the psychedelic experience real? Was it subjective? Was it a shortcut to Enlightenment? Was it beneficial to me and our species?
I wanted to find my own answers to my questions, knowing that I cannot take opinions of other people for an answer. Those, to me, would be merely words.
So here, I would like to share some of my answers to myself which perhaps you will find useful to you as well. My view is an ordinary view of non-ordinary reality which under certain conditions is accessible to all.
Is the psychedelic experience real?
Well, that depends on what we think as being real. If we think that real is something we can touch with our hands, then the answer is NO. But if real means something which can be observed and repeatedly experienced, then the answer is YES.
Is this experience subjective?
Yes. Any type of experience can only be subjective since any experience requires a subject to be experienced. Thus objective reality can be only experienced subjectively.
Is this a shortcut to Enlightenment?
This question would first demand a definition of Enlightenment. If enlightenment means something different that the act of bringing the light into our own ignorance about ourselves and the world we are living in, while making us aware of our own embodied consciousness which was lucky enough to experience life thought the human body, which together with the galactic mass rotates in the limitless space on a tiny but beautiful cosmic oasis we call Earth, while realizing the miracle of life made of cosmic dust, which in fact is an illusion that irrefutably exists, then I would not know the answer. But if enlightenment means that expanded and all inclusive consciousness which can recognize itself in all other life forms, while remaining a sovereign point of perception of the infinite reality of which it is also a part, then the answer is YES. But would this ‘’shortcut’’ not be welcomed if it allows a man to live a normal life as human being, a life of joy and love, while exploring his own consciousness and finding God in the atom? Would the fast-track not be welcomed as opposed to the tedious work and a lifelong, self-restraining path prescribed to eastern adepts?
I am mortal; I want it now and I want it all.
Said that, however, I do not mean to put down the ancient eastern paths which indeed are valid. In fact, Huxley’s study and involvement in Vedanta for over 20 years has allowed him to recognize the essence of the mescaline experience, transfiguring a psychedelic journey into a spiritual one. This psychedelic spirituality or as we also call it an evolutionary shamanism simply means the use of the energy of the psychoactive plants to ponder the nature of reality and ourselves in it, as oppose to the traditional shamanism which mainly deals with healing.
There is still an open debate about whether or not a glimpse of awakening guided by psychedelics substances and plants is valid and equal to the eastern paths of mysticism. Here, perhaps we can answer this question with another question: does the way to knowledge matter more than the knowledge itself? Is the method paramount to results? If both can lead to the same levels of being and understanding, then what would be the difference and what are the indications of one being inferior or superior to the other?
Both ways are valid and can be complementary. Both must be experienced.
It is important to note that a millennium long rich spiritual tradition of India, which is active to this day, has created a certain egregor of enlightenment which serves as a fertilizer for its own kind. Deeply embedded in the culture, its influence still gives birth to a sporadic awakening in people of this land. For us, westerners, who have been disconnected from our spiritual roots, first by religion and later by science (or shall we say scientism, for science has become dogmatic), and whose perception of reality has been conditioned and narrowed down to the world of superstition and physical appearances, incapable of seeing beyond either – another type of help is needed, that which is capable of catapulting us into the realm of consciousness where saints feel at home.
Is psychedelic experience beneficial?
Well, that would depend on the person. There is no cure for stupidity. But generally speaking, a responsible use of psychedelics can be quite beneficial not only to the person who is experiencing but for his family, his surrounding and ultimately to the world we live in. It can be liken to the alchemical process during which the impurities in man are burnt, while purifying him into a better person.
If the experience is able to have an impact on our behavior patterns, while helping us stop being destructive to ourselves and others, if it can trigger both physiological and psychological healing, helping a person to get rid of alcohol and drug addictions while in itself remaining non-addictive remedy, if it has the capacity to open artistic abilities which otherwise would remain in the latent form, and make one think, thus contributing to cultivation of peace, love and consciousness within oneself and surrounding, then what would be the answer?
Said that, however, it is also important to mention that no psychedelic substances or plants should be taken lightly. It is a serious undertaking for mature and responsible people who are looking for healing, understanding and expansion of their perception of reality, and willing to engage with life, instead escaping it.
See this short documentary interview with Sergey:
About the Author
The Advent Of A Great Awakening The Teachers Convention Series
The Parliament Of The Worlds Religions
The Advent Of A Great Awakening
The Teachers Convention Series
Excerpt from huffingtonpost.com
Why is it so hard to find ET? After 50 years of searching, the SETI project has so far found nothing. In the latest development, on April 14, 2015 Penn State researchers announced that after searching through satellite data on 100,000 galaxies, they saw no evidence, such as infrared signatures, indicative of advanced technological civilizations. Such civilizations might exist, but there was certainly no clear-cut evidence in their data.
In our Part I article, we mentioned how numerous scientists over the past 65 years, since Fermi first raised the question “Where is everybody?”, have examined Fermi’s paradox and have proposed solutions. We listed a number of these proposed solutions, such as the following, with common rejoinders that have been raised against them:
- They are under strict orders not to disclose their existence.
- They exist, but are too far away.
- They exist, but have lost interest in interstellar communication and/or exploration.
- They are calling, but we do not yet recognize the signal.
- Civilizations like us invariably self-destruct.
- Earth is a unique planet with characteristics fostering a long-lived biological regime leading to intelligent life.
- WE ARE ALONE, at least within our home in the Milky Way galaxy.
Numerous other proposed solutions and rejoinders are given in books by Paul Davies (2011), Stephen Webb (2002) and John Gribbin (2011).
The problem with explanations such number one is that it just takes one small group in one distant civilization to break the pact of silence. Given our experience with human society, it is hardly credible that a “law”-forbidding contact with civilizations such as ours could be enforced over a vast and diverse interstellar society without any exceptions over millions of years. Similarly, with regards to number four, it is not credible that a global society could permanently enforce a global ban on communications, specifically targeted to nascent technological societies such as ours in a form that we could easily recognize.
With regards to number three, it also seems exceedingly unlikely that each and every individual of each and every ET society forever lacks interest in communication and/or exploration. This is doubly dubious given the fact that evolution, which is widely believed to be the driver behind intelligent life everywhere, strongly favors organisms that explore and expand their dominion. Similar difficulties torpedo other explanations that rely on a “sociological” scenario. See our Part I article for additional discussion.
Another class of explanation is “technological” — extra-terrestrial civilizations may exist, but interstellar exploration and communication is simply too difficult (see number two above).
But such explanations typically ignore the potential of rapidly advancing technology, together with the fact that any ET society is almost certainly thousands or millions of years more advanced than us. For example, a society could deploy “von Neumann probes” that travel to a nearby star system, send data back to the home planet, construct replicas of themselves, and launch these craft to even more distant systems. In one recent analysis, researchers found that 99 percent of all star systems in the Milky Way could be explored in only about five million years, which is an eye-blink in the multi-billion-year age of the Milky Way.
Communication can be facilitated by similar high-tech means. For instance, von Neumann probes could easily be outfitted with facilities to view, communicate with and relay messages to the home planet. Already, “cube sats,” namely small satellites just a few inches in size, are being deployed to monitor Earth. And NASA is developing telescopes that can detect signatures of biological activity on extrasolar planets.
More futuristically, SETI pioneer Frank Drake observes that we could employ a “gravitational lens,” taking advantage of the curvature of light around the sun, to obtain high-resolution images of distant planets, and even listen in to their microwave or optical communications and respond in kind. Such a scheme should be feasible in just a few decades. So why isn’t ET calling us using a gravitational lens on their end?
The great filter
As we mentioned in our Part I article, some have suggested that there is a great filter that explains the eerie silence — some major barrier to a society becoming sufficiently advanced to explore the Milky Way.
Possibilities here range from the hypothesis that it might be extraordinarily unlikely for life to begin at all, or that the jump from prokaryote to eukaryote cells is similarly unlikely, or that our combination of planetary dynamics and plate tectonics is exceedingly unlikely, or, as suggested above, that civilizations like ours invariably self-destruct, or that some future calamity, such as a huge gamma-ray burst from a nearby star, invariably ends societies like ours before they can explore the cosmos.
Nick Bostrom, among others, hopes that the search for extraterrestrial life comes up empty-handed, because if life were found this would reduce the number of possible candidates for the great filter being behind us, and it would increase the likelihood that the great filter (possibly a great calamity) still lies ahead of us.
But even here, there are straightforward rejoinders. We have already survived more than 100 years of technological adolescence without destroying ourselves in a nuclear or a biological catastrophe. Climate change presents a challenge, but with numerous green energy technologies, even Al Gore is cautiously optimistic. Freak viruses and biological weapons are a concern, but we have developed much more effective defenses. And as for a gamma-ray burst, our planet has survived many millions of years, so the probability that we will be destroyed in the next few decades, before we venture to other planets and stars, is rather remote. So it does not seem credible that such calamities have destroyed each and every ET society.
Many have wondered whether, in our quest for ET, we are still being too parochially human. Maybe ET is completely different from anything we have imagined, or different from anything that we can imagine. Perhaps all our assumptions about the nature of intelligent life are simply too parochial. Our notions about what other terrestrial animals (from rooks to octopuses) can do have changed dramatically in the past twenty years.
Digital technology may hold a clue here as well. Even in our own time we have seen digital technology take over many of our lives, with hundreds of millions of people hopelessly attached to their smartphones. Such technology may even be rewiring our brains. Devices such as Apple Watch and Google Glass may further enhance our cognitive powers. Apple and IBM have struck a deal to further develop IBM’s Watson machine learning technology, which defeated humans on Jeopardy!, for medical applications. Some amputees can now control prosthetic legs using thought alone.
Thus, we have to consider the possibility that extraterrestrial societies exist, but, as astronomer Paul Davies suggests, they have advanced to a “post-biological” or even “post-material” state, and now exist only as extremely advanced computer programs somewhere.
Similarly, SETI astronomer Seth Shostak argues, “Once any society invents the technology that could put them in touch with the cosmos, they are at most only a few hundred years away from changing their own paradigm of sentience to artificial intelligence.” Thus, perhaps the solution to Fermi’s paradox is simply that we have nothing useful to say to these advanced “spiritual” entities.
But, one can ask, in this supposedly vast civilization of post-biological intelligences, are there not at least a handful of entities that still wonder what biological organisms are like, and are curious to explore and communicate with them? After all, even in our society, while the vast majority of citizens are not the slightest bit interested in bees or similar insects, nonetheless a few are (melittologists), and they do scientific research on these creatures.
And we can now “communicate” with bees — for example, researchers have identified that the dance patterns of honey bees communicate to other bees both distance and direction to food. So can we be so certain that absolutely no one in this post-biological or post-material society is capable of or interested in studying and communicating with humans?
While many have wondered, “Where is everybody?” there is still no easy answer.
Astronomer Paul Davies concludes his latest book (2011) on the topic by stating his own assessment: “my answer is that we are probably the only intelligent beings in the observable universe and I would not be very surprised if the solar system contains the only life in the observable universe.” Nonetheless, Davies reflects, “I can think of no more thrilling a discovery than coming across clear evidence for extraterrestrial intelligence.”
|An artist’s depiction of the exoplanet 55 Cancri E with its molten surface exposed on the left, and covered in gas and ash on the right. (NASA/JPL – Caltech/R.Hurt)|
Excerpt from latimes.com
Scientists have found an extreme planet where the atmospheric temperature appears to swing wildly from 1,800 to 4,900 degrees Fahrenheit over the course of a two-year period.
Astronomers cannot yet say for certain what might be responsible for these drastic shifts in temperature, but in a new study, they suggest massive volcanoes on the planet’s surface may be to blame.
“While we can’t be entirely sure, we think a likely explanation for this variability is large-scale surface activity, possibly volcanism,” said Brice-Olivier Demory of the University of Cambridge in a statement.
Demory is the lead author of a paper that describes how the gas and dust in enormous volcanic plumes might periodically blanket the thermal emission of the planet as seen from Earth, making its atmosphere appear cooler to our telescopes.
The study was published Monday in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
The extreme planet is known as 55 Cancri E. It is a super-Earth, which means it is both rocky and two to 10 times the size of our own planet. 55 Cancri E has about twice the diameter of Earth, but it has eight times the mass. It is also tidally locked with its star which means it has one side that stays in perpetual day, and another that remains in perpetual night.
It was discovered in 2004 and was the first rocky planet to ever be seen beyond our solar system. Up until then all the known exoplanets were gas giants that were easier to spot because they are so enormous — up to 300 times the size of Earth.
55 Cancri E lies uncomfortably close to its host star (by our standards) and takes just 18 days to complete a single orbit around its sun.
Because the planet is so hot even on its seemingly cooler days, its outermost shell is likely weakened, if not entirely molten, the researchers say. This could lead to magma oceans and the strong likelihood of volcanic activity.
However, it will take more time, more observations, and potentially more sensitive equipment to know for sure what is going on.
“The present variability is something we’ve never seen anywhere else, so there’s no robust conventional explanation,” said Nikku Madhusudhan of Cambridge’s Institute of Astronomy and a co-author of the study in a statement.
|In this image, the magenta color indicates the mysterious glow detected by NASA’s NuSTAR space telescope.|
Excerpt from huffingtonpost.com
A mysterious glow has been observed at the center of the Milky Way, and scientists are struggling to figure out exactly what’s causing it.
One possibility is that the high-energy X-rays that make up the baffling glow are “‘howls’ of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions.” At least that’s the way NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory put it in a rather playful news release entitled “NASA’s NuStar Captures Possible ‘Screams from Zombie Stars.”
In more scientific terms, the glow may be evidence of dead stars in binary systems siphoning off material from their companions–a phenomenon that is known to release X-rays.
The dead stars might be white dwarfs or small black holes, according to the written statement. Or the glow could be caused by pulsars–the fast-spinning remains of stars that have collapsed after exploding as supernovae–which send out intense beams of radiation. Alternatively, the glow could arise not from dead stars at all but from high-energy charged particles known as cosmic rays.
No one knows for sure if that’s what’s causing the glow, which is visible in new images taken by NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) space telescope. The images show a region of space some 40 light-years across in the vicinity of Sagittarius A*, the monster black hole at the center of the galaxy.
The uncertainty isn’t surprising given the distances involved–Sagittarius A* is about 26,000 light-years from Earth–and the fact that the center of the Milky Way is teeming with old and young stars as well as small black holes.
“Almost anything that can emit X-rays is in the galactic center,” Dr. Kersten Perez, a physicist at Columbia University in New York City and the lead author of a paper about the finding, said in the statement.
So what exactly is the take-away from the new research?
“This mysterious emission from the galactic center points out the importance of increased spatial resolution at high X-ray energies which increases the clarity of the images,” Dr. C. Megan Urry, professor of physics and astronomy at Yale University in New Haven, Conn. and president of the American Astronomical Society, told The Huffington Post in an email. “NuSTAR’s ability to focus energetic X-rays is improving our understanding of the high-energy universe–and in some cases, like this new study of the galactic center, to raise interesting new questions as well.”
The paper was published April 30, 2015 in the journal Nature.
Excerpt from huffingtonpost.com
We are at last beginning to show that there is an intimate and dynamic relationship between what is going on with our feelings and thoughts and what happens in the body. A Time magazine special showed that happiness, hopefulness, optimism and contentment, “Appear to reduce the risk or limit the severity of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes, hypertension, colds and upper-respiratory infections; while depression — the extreme opposite of happiness — can worsen heart disease, diabetes and a host of other illnesses.”
Illness is very real, accidents happen, and medicine can certainly help: Deb recently had a burst appendix, and she is immensely grateful for the medical intervention that saved her life. But the role of the mind and emotions in our state of health appears to be a vital one and by understanding this relationship we can claim a greater role in our own wellbeing. It is only a part of the overall picture, but it is the part that is invariably overlooked.
“A basic emotion such as fear can be described as an abstract feeling or as a tangible molecule of the hormone adrenaline,” writes Deepak Chopra in Ageless Body, Timeless Mind. “Without the feeling there is no hormone; without the hormone there is no feeling … The revolution we call mind-body medicine was based on this simple discovery: wherever thought goes, a chemical goes with it.”
Just as all parts of our being interact and work together, so if we ignore the role our feelings and thoughts play we are ignoring the role they have. And it may be the one that most needs to get fixed.
Generally speaking, we tend to think of our bodies and minds as separate systems and
believe they function, for the most part, independently. Yet can you remember the last time you had an interview for a job? Or went on a first date with someone you were really trying to impress? In either case, no doubt you wanted to appear calm and collected but at the same time you were feeling nervous and self-conscious. Can you recall how your body felt? Self-consciousness will tighten your buttock muscles (so you are literally sitting on your tension), you will sweat more than usual, may feel slightly nauseous, and you’ll probably fluff your words, just when you want to appear suave and confident.
In other words, our emotions affect us physically. It might be easy to understand that a scary thought gets our heart beating faster, but it can be harder to realize that loneliness, sadness or depression can also affect us physically, and when it comes to more complex emotions or illnesses few of us consider our emotions to have any relevance.
In Woody Allen’s movie “Annie Hall,” Diane Keaton wants to know why he isn’t angry. “I don’t get angry,” Allen replies, “I grow a tumor instead.”
Understanding the bodymind relationship won’t necessarily cure all our physical difficulties but by learning the language of symptoms and illness we can discover what is being repressed or ignored in our psyche and emotions, and how this is influencing our well-being. From this vantage point we discover that there is an extraordinarily intimate two-way communication going on between our body and mind that affects both our physical state and our mental and emotional health.
Discover how your mind and emotions affect your body:
What happens when you get irritated or frustrated?
Where do you experience those feelings in your body? If you are stuck in a traffic jam, a client is late for an appointment, or the children keep interrupting your conversation, what happens to your breathing, your shoulders or stomach muscles? Does your breathing get short and shallow? Do the muscles tighten?
How does worry affect you?
What happens in your body when you are worried or anxious about something, perhaps a child who is late coming home, a presentation you have to give, or the results of your partner’s blood test? Where do you hold the anxiety? What physical effect does it have? Do fears about the future create a pain in your stomach? Or do your legs ache or feel tired?
How do you react when someone is angry with you?
If your boss or your partner shouts at you, what happens to your heart, your head, your insides? What do you do with angry feelings? Do you express them, or is there somewhere you put them? Is your headache because you have built up unexpressed anger? Do you swallow hard, get a sore throat, clench your muscles, or get constipated?
How do memories affect you?
What happens if you recall past memories? Do you feel warm and relaxed, or do you break out in a sweat and feel nervous? Pay particular attention to what happens when you recall unhappy memories, perhaps when a parent hit you or you were bullied at school. As you follow these memories, watch where in your body there is a reaction, a tightening or nervousness.
Ask Yourself About illnesses and injuries
Think back to past illnesses or times when you were hurt. Note the parts of your body that were involved. Have you always held your stomach muscles in tight, have you always had recurring headaches, have you always hurt the same side of your body?
Use the answers you get from these questions to understand yourself more deeply. They may give you the clues you need to find your healing.
What is your bodymind telling you? Do comment below. You can receive notice of our blogs by checking Become a Fan at the top.
Award-Winning Authors Ed and Deb of Be The Change, How Meditation can Transform You and the World, are mindfulness, meditation and yoga experts. Deb is the author of Your Body Speaks Your Mind, now in 19 languages. They have three meditation CDs. See more at EdandDebShapiro.com.
Consider your own body being made mostly of space. Close your eyes and experience the space that you’re made of and the space around you vibrating like a crystal. Then imagine that the rate of vibration of your biocrystal structure in the structure of the vacuum is equivalent to the information pouring in and out of you, in the same way that a crystal radio set tuned to a certain frequency allows you to hear a specific radio station.
In the body, if the brain is the antennae of the radio set, the tuning dial is the heart, which defines the frequency of information received through the fluid dynamics rhythm of your body, and which can be altered by your emotional state.
Have you ever felt an instant attraction to another person for no specific reason? Perhaps it has something to do with that particular person’s vibration connecting to your own vibration?
As we’ve learned through cymatics, the rates of vibration affect structure.
The first commandment is: “Maintain humanity under 500 million in perpetual balance with nature.” Since the world population now stands at over eight billion, that means the commandment calls for the elimination of 93% of the world’s population.
THE CULLING ALREADY HAS BEGUN
Unless you’re living under a stone or in the middle of a third world country, you probably realize that our air, water, and food supplies are all being poisoned. Chemtrails and air pollution are poisoning our air supplies; Big Pharma, fluoride, and overall water pollution are poisoning our water supplies; and GMO’s, weed killers, pesticides and a combination of air and water pollution are poisoning our food supplies.
Through activism, we have seem a demand for GMO food labeling in the United States but until the people speak out, these issues will not go away on their own. If we do not object, then we are basically acquiescing our consent for those in power to use eugenics against us. It’s pure insanity.
The best way to get rid of Monsanto is to NOT buy their products, whether that be GMO’s or pesticides.
Always try to consume the purest water or consider buying a water filter that’s capable of removing fluoride, chlorine, etc… or reverse osmosis water system for your home. You may even consider a shower head water filter for bathing.
While we cannot physically do much about the chemtrails being sprayed, we can create awareness with other people about what they’re doing to our air supply and why they’re doing it. By simply exposing these criminals will create change through awareness.
About the Author
The recent “news” on the nuclear situation in Iran brings to light the madhouse of cards on which the postmodern world is built. Or rather, it would bring the madness to light if the major media outlets of the world were not bought up and sold out to the military industrial complex, and therefore completely misinformed on the actions and dangers of the nuclear experimentation industry.
The story is not just about how Iran wants to join the club of failed nuclear experimentation states, though that is certainly worthy of raising an eyebrow. This story is not just about the threat to nearby states, or the implications to global relations. The story is not just about how they could be so ill minded, and short sighted as to look for solutions in a dirty technology…
The real story is that playing with nuclear fire – the Pandora’s Box of nuclear experimentation – is a threat to all life on Earth, and yet today, blinded by an invisible threat, the rise of the nuclear state has become just another part of our collective ‘energy’ and ‘war’ narratives. The real story is that, in our collective madness, we fail to recognize that Iran’s engagement in nuclear experimentation is no different than our own — and that the sum total of all this nuclear madness is mutually assured destruction.
Is it any coincidence that the industry acronym for the inevitable outcome of any military nuclear action is M.A.D.? By their own reckoning, mutual destruction is assured on all sides of the nuclear war machine in the event of a nuclear strike – yet nations continue to arm themselves, writing conventions to mitigate their liability while provoking other nations that arm themselves. In their ‘fight for peace’, they are scrambling down the rabbit hole to mutually assured M.A.D.ness.
If this M.A.D. balance was at all sustainable, one might even wish to see Iran armed, and believe that arming Iran would bring M.A.D. balance — because after all it is well known, but not officially recognized that Israel already has nuclear weapons. But therein is the opening into the madness of the situation; the reality is already so twisted that one might see it as a “solution” that an individual or institution to possesses a mechanism that instantly kills, maims and deformsen masse, and poisons ecosystems for countless generations to come, just because the institutions that threaten them have those same mechanisms, which kill and maim and deform and poison.
Make no mistake, this is a contrived polarity. The only way to end the M.A.D.ness is to disarm, not arm the opposition.
Firstly, the notion that nuclear experimentation is regulated is a fallacy. While eight States have detonated nuclear weapons, only the five member nations of the United Nations Security Council (the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, and China) are considered to be “nuclear-weapon states” under by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. However three other States that were not parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty have conducted nuclear tests since the NPT was enacted in 1970 (India, Pakistan, and North Korea).
Meanwhile Israel remains the nuclear white elephant in the room. Widely believed to have nuclear weapons, Israel continues to deny its nuclear status, casting further unknowns into the nuclear mix.
According to the Federation of American Scientists’ report Status of World Nuclear Forces:
More than two decades after the Cold War ended, the world’s combined inventory of nuclear warheads remains at a very high level: approximately 15,700. Of these, around 4,100 warheads are considered operational, of which about 1,800 US and Russian warheads are on high alert, ready for use on short notice.
Despite significant reductions in US, Russian, French and British nuclear forces compared with Cold War levels, all the nuclear weapon states continue to modernize their remaining nuclear forces and appear committed to retaining nuclear weapons for the indefinite future. For an overview of global modernization programs, see this 2014 article: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists – Slowing nuclear weapon reductions and endless nuclear weapon modernizations: A challenge to the NPT.
The exact number of nuclear weapons in each country’s possession is a closely held national secret.
When it comes to nuclear weapons experimentation, transparency and accountability are non-existent — conditions in which corruption thrives.
While Israel defends its “strategic ambiguity”, its policy of denial has served not only as a misinformation tactic, it has inflamed tensions in the Middle East by highlighting obvious double standards in US policy in the region. While Israel denies itself to be a “nuclear-weapon state”, and the US continues to turn a blind eye, the governments of the both states are actively colluding to bypass a US ban on funding nations that proliferate weapons of mass destruction, ensuring Israel enjoys more than US$2 billion in aid from US taxpayers each year.
Find The Geometry of Energy: How to Meditate by Ethan Indigo Smith at Amazon
Israel, however, is not the only financial beneficiary of this nuclear deceit; the Price Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act and the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damageare designed to protect US nuclear interests from liability in the event of an accident, allowing them to make uncapped fortunes through nuclear energy generation without liability for their (inevitable) failures.
Despite all the public non-proliferation rhetoric of the nuclear experimentation industry, the nuclear-weapon States are clearly committed to retaining and continuing nuclear weapons programs. The illusion of non-proliferation serves only to delay genuine non-proliferationaction. Not surprisingly, when it comes to the true nuclear agenda, even those scientists working ‘behind the security fence’ are subjected to this deception.
According to former government scientist turned environmental activist Dr. Andreas Toupadakis:
“[In 2000], I resigned from a permanent, highly paid, classified position in the Stockpile Stewardship Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California. I went to LLNL believing that I would be helping to dismantle nuclear weapons and disposing of their deadly byproducts. That was my desire. Instead, very soon, I found myself expected to work on the maintenance of nuclear weapons. When I realized that within the Lab, environmental or nonproliferation work was but an illusion, I decided to resign. My conscience simply does not allow me to work for the development or maintenance of nuclear weapons.
“.. Purely academic projects are sustained in order to lure young scientists into the national labs. I heard this in plain language one Thanksgiving afternoon, sitting around the table with senior weapons scientists: “We need new blood to carry on our weapons research; we need new post-docs in purely basic research.” It was not a surprise that at that time a post-doc in academia was making around $18,000/year, but at Los Alamos National Lab I started with $35,000, certainly good bait to attract young scientists.”
Enshrined in secrecy even behind the security fence, the nuclear weapons and energy experiments are both conducted in the shadows, without transparency or accountability, at the expense of the Earth and all its inhabitants.
Nuclear Energy Experimentation
In the 70 years since the first nuclear power generation experiment began at Oak Ridge in 1948, there have been countless (known) meltdowns at nuclear facilities around the world. The history of nuclear energy generation has proven itself to be equally as destructive (if not more) as nuclear arms programs. If one examines trends and contributing factors, there are bound to be more accidents, spills and ‘unprecedented events’ within the nuclear industry.
Now over 4 years on from the first meltdown, the ailing Fukushima Daiichi facility in Japan is still spewing radioactive waste into our ocean’s and air, with no end in sight. In fact,reports of a fresh leak in February 2015 indicate a 70-foldincrease in radiation levels. And while this disaster continues into its fifth year, the realities and failures of this and other nuclear experiments have become shrouded in propaganda and censorship, in an indefensible bid to protect the interests of the oligarchy – nuclear’s sole beneficiaries.
The Fukushima disaster has led to a practical elimination of free speech and free reporting of information from within Japan, with little to no opposition or indignation from global governments. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s Designated Secrets Bill was written specifically to contain information about the Fukushima disaster; since authorities could not contain the radioactive leaks, the Japanese government instead enacted laws that subjected to punishment any individual who reports information about this undeniable disaster.
Again, the problem here is transparency and accountability. Like nuclear weaponry, nuclear energy experimentation cannot co-exist alongside freedom of speech or transparent access to information. It can only exist in a fascist state, which suppresses information and opposition.
But the ultimate truth of the nuclear energy experiment – the reason for the suppression and opposition – is that there the nuclear experiment is operated without a complete plan. Although it is touted as a ‘clean’ technology, the nuclear industry has no mechanism for disposing of the radioactive waste it generates, only mechanisms for containing it, storing it for the million years it takes to break down, and accumulating more each day. And that’s when all goes well…
When it all goes wrong, as history has shown, the destruction is permanent. Radiation kills, maims and deforms. That is why nuclear is the oligarchy’s weapon of choice, and exactly why it should not be used for energy generation. Radioactivity creates so vast and deep of an alteration of our ecology that now, as we reflect on ‘year 70′ of a million year waste cycle, it is obvious the causal implications of continuing the nuclear experiment have not been considered by the scientific community entirely, if at all.
And yet, the world’s “nuclear weapon states” insist on marching toward M.A.D.ness, relying on faulty logic, one-eyed scientism and good old fashioned fear-mongering to justify it.
Their motive becomes clearer when we take into account the increasing amount of radiation, and the cumulative effect of radiation, electromagnetic pollution and geoengineering (chemtrails and HAARP) operations simultaneously contaminating our atmosphere. Interacting with radioactive and heavy metals in our atmosphere, electromagnetic energy has been shown to interfere with the human body and brain, which itself is electrical — in particular it disrupts cell growth, neural activity, cardiac function, hormone production and fertility [source] This toxic atmospheric cocktail creates the conditions for a global health crisis of unprecedented proportions. Enter the pharmacological industry to treat the symptoms but never the cause.
The effects of nuclear, chemical and electromagnetic programs amount to an assault on our health, our consciousness, and our very existence
The Way Out
It is time to get real. Power-brokers are playing political games with our planet and our health. As history continues to prove, the nuclear experiment cannot continue without dire physical and spiritual consequences, and we cannot consider ourselves the peak of evolution or enlightenment on Earth while also being responsible for its ongoing devastation.
It’s time we start thinking outside the narrow confines of the political convention and formality that led us here. What we need is a revolution.
We are not the 99% among the 1%, we are in fact the 99.99999999999999% — but we have been bullied into quietly observing the will of the bourgeois 0.0000000000000001% and accepting our biological and spiritual degradation as an unavoidable part of “postmodern living.”
It turns out that in order to solve the nuclear problem and stake a claim for our environmental future, we have to face the biggest bully on the block.
Nuclear experimentation is the biggest issue of our time, and of all time. Just as every piece of plastic we create will be with us for the next 10,000 years, every bit of radioactive waste we have ever produced and will ever produce (leak or no leak) will be with us for the next million years — that’s 40,000 human generations — poisoning everything it touches in perpetuity. That is a fact.
It is our collective ego that allows such a devastating program to continue unopposed; our unwillingness to examine the complex and confronting detail in front of us, our inability to see beyond our own lives and our own lifetime, and our ultimate decision to submit to the will of nuclear/military industrial complex.
The greatest trick ‘the devil’ ever played was not tricking the world into thinking he doesn’t exist but tricking the world into thinking he was not dangerous. Like all oligarchical power structures, this is also true of the nuclear war/energy oligarchy.
In his 1961 farewell address to the nation, President Eisenhower, the last military President of the U.S.A., warned us of the coming military industrial complex and, specifically, of the dangers of increased military spending with government contracts being given to private military manufacturers. His warning went unheeded.
Unless we confront the complex reality of the military industrial complex, we will forever be stuck in a permanent state of war – a war on individuals, individuality, and consciousness itself. The “leaders” of nuclear nations have shown they have no intention to make peace but to make power plays and deals that profit their masters.
Nuclear arms cannot bring peace, and nuclear energy cannot bring sustainability. With the M.A.D.ness of nuclear experimentation constantly looming, there can be no peace.
The only way to stop the madness is to organize ourselves, and confront the institutions that run these programs. Until we begin to dismantle the nuclear arms and energy industries, nothing will change. Nothing will change, but the radiation levels in our air and water which will continue to go up. Nothing will change but the increased toxicity and degradation of our ecology. Nothing will change but the increased threat of Mutual Assured Destruction.
Radiation knows no bounds or borders. Until we all come together in a true brotherhood of humanity, where all colors and cultures, all hues of humanity, come together in clarity to save ourselves and our planet from the grim future we’re currently creating. We must demand that the institutions responsible for our energy, environment and security, that our policy, in word and deed, reflects our true role as custodians of the planet humanity calls home. It’s up to all of us.
Peace on Earth, only for real.
About the Author
Ethan’s publications include:
- The Geometry of Energy: How to Meditate, explores meditation and meditative energies through the four dimensions of geometry.
- The Complete Patriot’s Guide to Oligarchical Collectivism, an insightful exploration of history, philosophy and contemporary politics.
- Tibetan Fusion a book of simple meditative practices and movements that can help you access and balance your energy.
- The Little Green Book of Revolution an inspirational book based on ideas of peaceful revolution, historical activism and caring for the Earth like Native Americans.
- The Matrix of Four, The Philosophy of the Duality of Polarity on the subject of the development of individual consciousness.
- 108 Steps to Be in The Zone a set of 108 meditative practices and steps toward self discovery and individual betterment, including techniques to develop balance, transmute sexual energy and better the self.
- Terra-ist Letters, a controversial work that humorously contrasts the very serious issues of global nuclear experimentation promotion and global marijuana prohibition.
For more information, visit Ethan on Facebook.
In Quiet I Receive Gods Word Today The Illuminate Mind Training Series
Workbook Lessons 125-126
In Quiet I Receive Gods Word Today
The Illuminate Mind Training Series
Excerpt from huffingtonpost.com
65 years ago, in 1950, while having lunch with colleagues Edward Teller and Herbert York, Nobel physicist Enrico Fermi suddenly blurted out, “Where is everybody?” His question is now known as Fermi’s paradox.
Fermi’s line of reasoning was the following: (a) Most likely there are numerous (maybe millions) of other technological civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy alone; (b) if a society is less advanced than us by even a few decades, they would not be technological, so any other technological civilization is, almost certainly, many thousands or millions of years more advanced; (d) within a million years or so (an eye-blink in cosmic time) after becoming technological, a society could have explored or even colonized most of the Milky Way; (e) so why don’t we see evidence of the existence of even a single extraterrestrial civilization?
Clearly the question of whether other civilizations exist is one of the most important questions of modern science. And a discovery of such life, say by analysis of microwave data, would certainly rank as among the most significant and far-reaching of all scientific developments. For one thing, it would lend credence to the suggestion by some eminent scientists, such as Freeman Dyson, that the universe is primed for intelligent life.
But after 50 years of searching, the bottom line is that nothing has been found. If there are indeed numerous technological civilizations in the Milky Way, why have we not been able to detect any signals or other evidence of their existence? Why are they making it so hard for us to find them? In Fermi’s parlance, “Where are they?”
Proposed solutions to Fermi’s paradox
Numerous scientists have examined Fermi’s paradox and have proposed solutions. Here is a brief listing of some of the proposed solutions, and common rejoinders [Webb2002, pg. 27-231]:
- They are under strict orders not to disclose their existence. Rejoinder: This explanation falls prey to the inescapable fact that it just takes one small group in one extraterrestrial society to dissent and break the pact of silence. Given our experience with human society, it seems utterly impossible to think that a ban of this sort could be imposed, without a single exception over millions of years, on a vast extraterrestrial civilization dispersed over multiple stars and planets.
- They exist, but are too far away. Rejoinder: Such arguments typically ignore the potential of rapidly advancing technology. For example, once a civilization is sufficiently advanced, it could send “von Neumann probes” to distant stars, which could scout out suitable planets, land, and then construct additional copies of themselves, using the latest software beamed from the home planet. Simulations of this scheme indicate that a single society could explore (via its probes) the entire Milky Way galaxy within at most a few million years, which is a tiny fraction of the galaxy’s lifetime. Communication can similarly be greatly facilitated by futuristic, but entirely feasible, high-tech means.
- They exist, but have lost interest in interstellar communication and/or exploration. Rejoinder: Given that Darwinian evolution, which is widely believed to be the mechanism guiding the development of biology everywhere in the universe, strongly favors organisms that explore and expand their dominion, it is hardly credible that each and every individual, in each and every distant civilization forever lacks interest in space exploration, or (as in item #1 above) that a galactic society is 100% effective, over many millions of years, in enforcing a ban against those who wish to communicate or explore.
- They are calling, but we do not yet recognize the signal. Rejoinder: While most agree that the SETI project still has much searching to do, this explanation doesn’t apply to signals that are sent with the express purpose of communicating to a newly technological society, in a form that this society could easily recognize. Indeed, the current SETI project program assumes that the remote civilization is making some effort to signal its existence using technology we can detect. And as with item #1, it is hard to see how a galactic society could forever enforce, without any exceptions, a global ban on such targeted communications.
- Civilizations like us invariably self-destruct. Rejoinder: This contingency is already figured into the Drake equation in the L term (the average length of a civilization). In any event, from human experience we have survived at least 100 years of technological adolescence, and have not yet destroyed ourselves in a nuclear or biological apocalypse. Global warming presents a major challenge at the present time, and has recently been explicitly suggested as a negative solution to Fermi’s paradox. But we now understand the situation fairly well and are rapidly developing affordable green technologies, leading some, including Al Gore, to change their minds and be cautiously optimistic. Additional, more exotic, technologies are in the works, and at least some of them may bear fruit. In any event, within a decade or two human civilization will spread to the Moon and to Mars, and then its long-term existence will be largely impervious to calamities on Earth.
- Earth is a unique planet with characteristics fostering a long-lived biological regime leading to intelligent life. Rejoinder: The latest studies, in particular the detections of extrasolar planets, point in the opposite direction, namely that environments like ours appear to be quite common.
- WE ARE ALONE, at least within our home in the Milky Way galaxy. Rejoinder: This hypothesis flies in the face of the “principle of mediocrity,” namely the presumption, dominant since the time of Copernicus, that there is nothing special about Earth or human society. This may be a philosophically satisfying answer to some, but scientifically speaking it is rather disquieting.
The great filterSome writers have suggested that there is a great filter that explains the eerie silence — some major barrier to a society becoming sufficiently advanced to explore the Milky Way. Possibilities here range from the hypothesis that it might be extraordinarily unlikely for life to begin at all, or that the jump from prokaryote to eukaryote cells is similarly unlikely, or that our combination of planetary dynamics and plate tectonics is exceedingly unlikely, or, as suggested above, that civilizations like ours invariably self-destruct, or that some future calamity, such as a huge gamma-ray burst from a nearby star, invariably ends societies like ours before they can explore the cosmos.One disquieting aspect of this line of thinking is that it then follows that either (a) we are first such technological society, since the great filter is behind us, or else (b) we are in deep trouble, since the great filter, possibly a great catastrophe, is still ahead of us. Along this line, Nick Bostrom, among others, hopes that the search for extraterrestrial life, either on Mars or on an extrasolar planet, comes up empty-handed, because if life were found, either ancient or present-day, this would reduce the number of possible candidates for the great filter being behind us, and it would increase the likelihood that the great filter still lies ahead of us.
With every new research finding of extrasolar planets in the habitable zone, or of potential life-friendly environments within the solar system, the mystery of Fermi’s paradox deepens. Indeed, “Where is everybody?” has emerged as one of the most intriguing scientific questions of our time. There is no easy answer.
We will continue this discussion in a subsequent blog. Stay tuned!