A private researcher, Joe Eck, has claimed to have made a discovery in the field of superconductors — materials that have zero electrical resistance. He claims to have found a copper-oxide compound that is not only superconductive, but shows signs of superconductivity at room temperature — a potential "Holy Grail" of science.
Not all materials that conduct electricity are as conductive as others. This is because all ordinary materials have what is called an "electrical resistance" that limits how much electricity can flow though them. Even a very good conductive metal like ordinary copper or silver has a degree of resistance that imposes engineering restrictions on its use. However, there are some very exotic materials called "superconductors" that have zero resistance. The problem with these materials is that they typically require very low temperatures (sometimes near absolute zero) for their superconductive properties to show up. To test the superconductive properties of these materials, cryostats of liquid nitrogen are often used to cool them down. The use of such exotic cooling systems is a requirement, because at room temperature — or even the temperature outside on a cold winter day in Alaska — they would have a significant amount of electrical resistivity like any other material.
The "holy grail" of superconductor research has been a "room temperature" superconductor. This would be a material that could conduct electricity with zero resistance at ordinary temperatures. So far, no practical, commercial ready room temperature superconductors have been discovered. Only "high temperature" superconductors have been found, but they still require freezing temperatures. The term "high temperature" is simply a way to describe that near absolute zero temperatures are not required with these compounds. (Similar to how "cold fusion" refers to near room temperature fusion in contrast to "hot fusion" that mimics the sun's temperatures.) These high temperature super conductors require sophisticated cooling systems when used by industry.
The need for such support systems may change in the hopefully not too distant future. An inventor by the name of Joe Eck, who runs the website Superconductors.org (news), has claimed to have discovered a room temperature superconducting material that is composed of a copper-oxide compound.
Joe Eck is claimed to be a private researcher that has been working for many years on super conducting materials. His website is a fantastic resource for information (both for the laymen and the professional) about superconductivity, and has news updates going back several years. It has actually received several awards for being a top site on the internet, being in the best 2% of all websites — which puts it in the same league as PESN in my opinion. According to an article by Next Big Future, he is also a high quality researcher. He does not seem to be a random person working in a garage (of course some major breakthroughs were made that way).
It is stated in Eck's report that the signs of a material going into a super conductive state are a sudden drop in resistance all the way to zero ohms, and strong diamagnetism (the Meissner effect) being exhibited at around the same temperature. Eck claims he was able to repeatedly achieve both of these signs of superconductivity using a small amount of the compound (Tl5Pb2)Ba2Mg2Cu9O17+ (a copper oxide with a magnesium atom added). He claims the results were clear and unambiguous.
What makes this discovery so exciting is that he did not have to cool the material at all to obtain the superconducting effect. Instead of taking place at a very low temperature, it took place at 28.5 Celsius, or 83.3 degrees Fahrenheit! This means he has discovered an *above* room temperature superconductor, because room temperature is actually around 73 degrees F.
Another interesting aspect of this compound is that at very low temperatures it was not superconductive. Perhaps for the first time in history, the cryostat used (a device that normally produces the cold temperatures needed for superconductivity) needed to be heated up for the superconductivity to appear!
This technology is not yet ready for commercialization. It is claimed that the "volume fraction" is very low, which I think means that only some of the material in the sample being tested is superconducting. For example, it is possible impurities may be in the sample tested. Eck claims that a method of refinement would have to be developed for this compound to be commercialized. I think a search for such a refinement process would be worth the time and investment.
If anyone would like to try to synthesize and test this compound themselves, it seems like there is a lot of information on their site. There are formulas, graphs, and structural diagrams. In fact, there may be enough information for replication. Perhaps this technology could be open sourced?
The benefits of a technology like this one could be huge. Room temperature superconductors could revolutionize our civilization. They could allow for efficient maglev trains, smaller electric motors, new electronic components, low loss power transmission, more powerful electric motors, and new medical devices. The applications are almost endless. Everything from power production, medicine, transportation, and electronics would be impacted. A practical room temperature superconductor could be worth billions of dollars.
Most of the heat that shows up in electronics is a function of resistance in the conductors. Remove the resistance, and the heat goes away.
Of course superconductors are not (as far as we know) free energy generators in and of themselves. They do not actually produce thermal or electrical power. However, they could be used to conserve huge amounts of energy. This could help civilization keep going until free energy technology has proliferated, and has ended the energy crisis.
Another interesting idea about room temperature superconductors is that they could be incorporated in certain free energy devices, like Steorn's E-Orbo which produces free energy via magnetic interactions. The big challenge with E-Orbo is reducing the joule heating losses in the coils of the electromagnets. Using room temperature superconductors, there would be no losses, and no cooling system would be needed. E-Orbo could go from a table top toy showing overunity, to a robust, practical technology.
I also wonder how superconductors would work in a Bedini system that utilizes cold electricity, and radiant energy.
The only sad thing about this story is that the mainstream scientific community and media seems much more willing to accept claims of superconductors as possible, than claims of free energy. I hope this will change in the future. Superconductors and free energy could both help build a better world.
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