Tag: The Big Bang

Elemental Grace Alliance – October-25-2016

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In My Defenselessness My Safety Lies – Workbook Lesson 153 – Episode I #CL-03a

In My Defenselessness My Safety Lies - Workbook Lesson 153 - Episode I #CL-03aWatch at themasterteacher.tvThe Communelight Series. Readings: WORKBOOK: Part II: What Am I? [para 1], LESSON 153: In My Defenselessness My Safety Lies. [para 1-3], LESS...

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Reflections Of Before The Big Bang – The Mystery That Gave Us This Universe Of Space And Time (In Memory Of The Saxophone Of Boots Randolph) – Episode I #FR-01

Reflections Of Before The Big Bang - The Mystery That Gave Us This Universe Of Space And Time (In Memory Of The Saxophone Of Boots Randolph) - Episode I #FR-01Watch at themasterteacher.tvThe Final Revision Series. Readings: TEXT: CHAPTER 10: Intro...

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Reflections Of Before The Big Bang – The Mystery That Gave Us This Universe Of Space And Time (In Memory Of The Saxophone Of Boots Randolph) – Episode I #FR-01

Reflections Of Before The Big Bang - The Mystery That Gave Us This Universe Of Space And Time (In Memory Of The Saxophone Of Boots Randolph) - Episode I #FR-01Watch at themasterteacher.tvThe Final Revision Series. Readings: TEXT: CHAPTER 10: Intro...

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Astronomers Measure Distance to Farthest Galaxy Yet



The farthest confirmed galaxy observed to date was identified in this Hubble image of a field of galaxies.  The inset image of the galaxy has been colored blue as suggestive of its young stars. Credit NASA/European Space Agency/Yale/University of California, Santa Cruz


Excerpt from nytimes.com

Leapfrogging backward in time to when the universe was apparently feeling its oats, a group of astronomers reported Tuesday that they had measured a bona fide distance to one of the farthest and thus earliest galaxies known.

The galaxy, more than a few billion light-years on the other side of the northern constellation Boötes, is one of the most massive and brightest in the early universe and goes by the name of EGS-zs8-1. 
It flowered into stardom only 670 million years after the Big Bang.
The light from that galaxy has taken 13 billion years to reach telescopes on Earth. By now, however, since the universe has continued to expand during that time, the galaxy is about 30 billion light-years away, according to standard cosmological calculations.
The new measurements allow astronomers to see the galaxy in its infancy. Despite its relative youth, however, it is already about one-sixth as massive as the Milky Way, which is 10 billion years old. And it is getting bigger, making stars 80 times faster than the Milky Way is making them today. The discovery was reported in The Astrophysical Journal by Pascal Oesch of Yale University and his colleagues.

By the rules of the expanding universe, the farther away a galaxy is, the faster it is retreating from us, measured by the “redshift” of its light being broadened to longer wavelengths, the way an ambulance siren seems to lower its pitch as it goes by.

In the past few years, as astronomers have raced one another into the past with instruments like the Hubble Space Telescope, galaxies have been found that appear even more distant. Those measurements, however, were estimates based on the colors of the objects — so-called photometric redshifts.

The new galaxy stuck out in a survey of distant galaxies by the Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes known as Candels, for Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. Its redshift was precisely measured with a powerful spectrograph known as Mosfire — Multi-Object Spectrometer for Infrared Exploration — on Keck 1, one of a pair of 10-meter-diameter telescopes on Mauna Kea in Hawaii. That makes it the highest redshift confirmed in this way, said Garth Illingworth, of the University of California, Santa Cruz, one of the astronomers in the study.

How galaxies were able to form and grow so rapidly after the lights came on in the universe is a mystery that will be addressed by a coming generation of instruments like the James Webb Space Telescope and the Thirty Meter Telescope, a goliath planned for Mauna Kea, already home to a dozen telescopes.

Recently, however, construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope, a $1.4 billion project, has been halted by protests by Hawaii residents who feel their mountain has been abused. An echo of that controversy appears in the new paper, in which Dr. Oesch and his colleagues write: “The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain.”

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Water may have been abundant a short billion years after Big Bang





Excerpt from thespacereporter.com

The formation of water vapor after the Big Bang was constrained by the lack of oxygen; it and other elements heavier than hydrogen and helium were created only later on, in the death throes of the first generation of massive stars. Oxygen created by the demises of early stars was swept out in to space by the explosions of supernovae and stellar winds, eventually joining with hydrogen to form water.

This process created islands of gas replete with heavy elements, such as oxygen; these regions were more bereft of oxygen than gaseous regions in the modern Milky Way galaxy. However, a new study by Tel Aviv University and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) has determined that, in certain islands, water vapor might have been as plentiful as it is today, only a billion years after the Big Bang.

According to a CfA statement, the researchers looked at whether water could form in the primordial molecular clouds, which were deficient in oxygen. Their analysis indicated that large quantities of water could form at around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Water molecules would have been shattered by ultraviolet light emitted by stars; however, after hundreds of millions of years, an equilibrium between water creation and destruction would be reached.

“We looked at the chemistry within young molecular clouds containing a thousand times less oxygen than our Sun. To our surprise, we found we can get as much water vapor as we see in our own galaxy,” said astrophysicist Avi Loeb of CfA.

The new study has been accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal and is accessible online.


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New Light on Our Accelerating Universe –"Not as Fast as We Thought"

 A Type Ia supernova, SN1994D, is shown exploding in lower left corner of the image at the top of the page of the galaxy NGC 4526 taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. (High-Z Supernova Search Team, HST, NASA)Excerpt from dailygalaxy.com Cer...

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New research shows Universe expansion pace isn’t as fast as assumed earlier



universe


Excerpt from thewestsidestory.net

The Universe is expanding and any student of astronomy will vouch to this fact. However according to a team of astronomers the acceleration of the universe may not be as quick as it was assumed earlier.

A team of astronomers have discovered that certain types of supernova are more varied than earlier thought of and in the process have led to the biggest mystery of the universe-how fast is the universe expanding after the big bang?

Peter A. Milne of the University of Arizona said, “We found that the differences are not random, but lead to separating Ia supernovae into two groups, where the group that is in the minority near us are in the majority at large distances — and thus when the universe was younger, there are different populations out there, and they have not been recognized. The big assumption has been that as you go from near to far, type Ia supernovae are the same. That doesn’t appear to be the case.”
The discovery throws new light on the currently accepted view of the universe expanding at a faster and faster rate pulled apart by an unknown force called dark energy this observation resulted in 2011 Nobel Prize for Physics.
Milne said, “The idea behind this reasoning, is that type Ia supernovae happen to be the same brightness — they all end up pretty similar when they explode. Once people knew why, they started using them as mileposts for the far side of the universe.The faraway supernovae should be like the ones nearby because they look like them, but because they’re fainter than expected, it led people to conclude they’re farther away than expected, and this in turn has led to the conclusion that the universe is expanding faster than it did in the past.”
The researchers felt that the accelerating universe can be explained on the basis of color difference in between two groups of supernova leaving less acceleration than earlier assumed and in the process will require lesser dark energy.

Milne said, “We’re proposing that our data suggest there might be less dark energy than textbook knowledge, but we can’t put a number on it, until our paper, the two populations of supernovae were treated as the same population. To get that final answer, you need to do all that work again, separately for the red and for the blue population.

Type la supernovae are considered as a benchmark for far away sources of light they do have a fraction of variability which has limited our knowledge of the size of the universe.
The distance of objects with the aid of our binocular vision and the best space-based telescopes and most sophisticated techniques works out in the range of ten or twenty thousand light years. 
However as compared to the vastness of space, this is just pea nuts.
For Distances greater than that it is imperative to compare the absolute and observed brightness of well understood objects and to use the difference to determine the object’s distance.

In astronomy it is difficult to find an object of known brightness since there are examples of both bright and dim stars and galaxies. However there is one event which can be used to work out its absolute brightness. Supernovas are the final stages of a dying star and it explodes with such violence, the flash can be seen across the vast universe.

Type la Supernovae occurs in a binary star system when a white dwarf scoops off mass from its fellow star. This reproducible mechanism gives a well determined brightness and therefore scientists term such Type la supernovae as ‘standard candles’.

Astronomers found that the Type la supernovae is so uniform that it has been designated as cosmic beacons and used to assess the depths of the universe. It is now revealed that they fall into different populations and are not very uniform as previously thought. .

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How Quantum Physics will change your life and amaze the world!

 Excerpt from educatinghumanity.com "Anyone not shocked by quantum mechanics has not yet understood it."Niels Bohr10 Ways Quantum Physics Will Change the WorldEver want to have a "life do over", teleport, time travel, have your computer wor...

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What Big Bang? Universe May Have Had No Beginning at All

Excerpt from spacedaily.com What we don't know about the Universe... could fill the Universe. Two theoretical physicists have suggested nothing like the Big Bang played a role in the start of our universe 13.8 billion years ago, refuting Edwin Hubb...

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Seth Speaks Newsletter – Vol. XXIII

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Waking Moments

TRINGGGGG!

I drop from the circumstantial fractal sky of my nicest dream ever, into the metallic digitized ring of my digital monstrosity doubling as phone, alarm clock, and spycam contraption. Needing to get up, and get out to silence it for the next round, I stagger to my  analog feet, and train my vision sensors enoug to be able to touch her Z-spot, the one that silences her at least until I tell her to open up and let me in. She decides to play really dead this morning, and presents me with a red-eyed message of no batteries included, having failed to suck seed from the umbilical that connects her to mains central. OK, I guess today I'll be a spy only if I wing it, because my primo digital sidekick just went belly up on me, into Sudden Death Match....

I put her to sleep again, making sure her IV is on and dripping, before proceeding to the bath room to wake up and dress. The Big Bang of my frame against the door frame wakes me from the typing realization that I could put on my candy stripers uniform, and go to work incognito. Just imagine, 6 foot 6, 222 pounds, dressed in pink and white, with silk stockings all the way:

The Cure's Disintegration

...takes me into the realization that I can just "Come As You Are..." , because the white mini of my TONO's leaves me adequately protected at least from the weather. and the most prying eyes of onlookers. It wouldn't stop the offending defenders though, who'd prbably call me a cross-dressing, sneaky big pervert, whose woman in red is way too young to ever be anything else than his daughter.... 

Knowing her, we'll have a nice hearty ROTFLOCAO afterwards. For those of you that can't piece that one together: ROLL ON THE FLOOR LAUGHING OUR COLLECTIVE ASSES OFF!  Guess I'll have a CACAO while getting out of my laughing fit as I write this.....

Half an hour before the bike to work, peddling lecherous deep thought all the way no doubt. Plenty of time for anything comletely different: the LARCH

Streaming unadulterated adult entertainment in the mean time. Why DO they call it MEAN TIME, nothing mean about my digital alarm clock. No, nothing compared to the two Langoliers that made me walk the plank:

But enough about that, they unwittingly did me a huge favor back then, as the blood dripped from my hands and knees. Didn't miss my lower legs like Luitenant Dan, (which I accidentally promoted to sergeant yesterday), but I was just not ready back then to pick myself up and walk. Simply missed the fucking FAITH!!!  Surely that would have silenced their torturing little butts!

Larch again...

Weird Science, which brings me straight back to my One Pet Peeve: the woman in RED!

 

Yeah, what can I say? I'm a NERD, but does that automatically make me a PERVERT?  Nope, unless I CHOOSE 2 B ONE! 

Rebooting.....

"Let's be careful out there..... "  Yeah Right! As if we could ever break the awesome evolutional power of Spirit- and ghOStWare!

Play Nice, Lovers!!!

Dré

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Reflections Of Before The Big Bang

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